impact of climate change on water resources and its mitigation measures

Topics: Water, Hydrology, Global warming Pages: 22 (6803 words) Published: February 3, 2014

Seminar Report
On
Impact of Climate Change on Global Water Resources and Its Mitigation Measures

MASTER OF TECHNOLOGY
In
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & ENGINEERING

By
ISHA MEDHA
Adm. No. 2013MT0136
M. Tech (ESE)

Under the Guidance of
Dr. Sukha Ranjan Samadder
Assistant Professor

DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & ENGINEERING
INDIAN SCHOOL OF MINES,
DHANBAD – 826004

ACKNOWELDGEMENT

The research effort presented in this seminar was made possible through the contribution of many persons. I express my gratitude to Prof. A. K. Pal, Head of Department, Department of Environmental Science & Engineering, Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad, for providing me necessary facilities and coordinal support with encouragement for presenting in seminar. I express my deep sense of gratitude to my seminar coordinator Dr. S. K. Samadder, Assistant Professor, Department of Environmental Science & Engineering, Indian School of Mines Dhanbad for suggesting the topic for seminar, close guidance and taking interest in all activities in this regard. His valuable suggestions and inspiration have encouraged me through course of investigation. I would like to express my sincere thanks to other professors of the Department of Environmental Science & Engineering for helping in improvement of my study. Finally I am extremely grateful to my parents, siblings, classmates and research scholars for their help, support and cheer for carrying out the study

Date: 05-02-2014
Place: Dhanbad ISHA MEDHA

CERTIFICATE

This is to certify that Ms. Isha Medha student of M. Tech. Environmental Science & Engineering; Indian School of Mines Dhanbad has done and successfully completed her seminar report entitled “Impact of climate Change on Water Resources and its Mitigation Measures” This seminar integrates conceptual dimensions with practical implication. She has taken keen interest and learnt many new techniques and procedures to deal with various environmental issues during her proceedings of seminar. She is hard working, sincere and has an expert analytical technique. This report has not been submitted for any other degree, elsewhere to the best of my knowledge.
Date -

…………………………….. Dr. Sukha Ranjan Samadder Assistant Professor

Department of Environmental Science & Engineering
Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad

Table of Content
S. No.
Title
Page Number
1.0
Abstract and Introduction
1 - 3
2.0
Climate Change
3 - 4
3.0
Parameters of Climate Change
5 - 8
4.0

4.1

4.2

4.3
Impacts of Climate Change

Global Rise in Sea Level

Impact on Surface Water Resources

Impact on Groundwater Resources
9

9 - 10

11 - 13

13 - 14
5.0
Mitigation Measures
16 - 18
6.0
Conclusion
18
7.0
References
19

Impact of climate Change on Water Resources and its Mitigation Measures

Abstract:
Water is indispensable for life, but its availability at a sustainable quality and quantity is threatened by many factors, of which climate plays a leading role. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) defines climate as “the average weather in terms of the mean and its variability over a certain time-span and a certain area” and a statistically significant variation of the mean state of the climate or of its variability lasting for decades or longer, is referred to as climate change. Evidence is mounting that we are in a period of climate change brought about by increasing atmospheric...


References: [1] Allai A., Bojariu R., Diaz S., Elgizouli I., Griggs D., Hawkins D., Hohmeyer O., “Climate change 2007: Synthesis Report”, Intergovermental Panel on Climate Change, Rep. Nov. 12 – 13, 2007.
[3] Beeton AM (2002). Large freshwater lakes: present state, trends, and future. Environ Conserve 29(1):21–38.
[4] Barron O., Silberstein R., Ali R., Donohue R., McFarlane D.J., Davies P., Hodgson P., Smart N., Donn M., ”Climate change effect on water development ecosystems in South – Western Australia”, Journal of Hydrology, vol. 475, pp. 473 – 487, 2012.
[5] Barnett T.P., Adam J.C., Lettenmaier D.P., “Potential impacts of a Warming climate on water availability in snow dominated regions”, nature journal, vol. 438, 2005.
[6] Carnerio J.F., Boughriba M., Correia A., Zarhloule Y., Rimi A., Houadi B.E., “Evaluation of climate change effects in a coastal aquifer in Morocco using a density dependent numerical model”, Environmental Earth Science, vol. 61, pp. 241 – 252, 2010.
[7] Chattopadhyay, N. and Hulme, M., 1997. Evaporation and potential evapotranspiration in India under conditions of recent and future climate change. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 87, 55-73.
[8] Dunn S.M., Brown I., Sample J., Post H. “Relationship between climate, water resource, land use and diffuse pollution and significance of uncertainty in climate change” Journal of Hydrology, vol. 19 – 35, pp. 434 – 435, 2012.
[9] Dawson J.P., Winner D.A., Ravishankara A.R., “New Directions: Adapting air quality management to climate change: A must for planning”, Atmospheric Environment, vol. 50, pp. 387 – 389, 2012.
[10] Fuentes J.A., Easter M., Paustain K., “Climate change effects on organic carbon storage in agricultural soils of northeastern Spain” Agriculture, Ecosystem and Environment, vol. 155, pp. 87 – 94, 2012.
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