Immigration and the Effect on the Economy

Topics: Immigration to the United States, Immigration, Illegal immigration Pages: 6 (2278 words) Published: August 28, 2010
In this research paper I will prove that illegal and legal immigrants are not burdens on the U.S. economy. I will prove this by providing facts on the positive impact to the United States educational system, the job industry, and public assistant programs. Immigrants pay taxes, shop, and buy real estate all of these are positive impacts to the economy. Immigrants that come to the U.S. for an education and graduate and become our doctors, scientist and computer experts are better accepted. They are contributing to the economy and at the same time benefiting the citizens of the U.S. How many natives want their doctors or scientist that have created cures for illnesses or that come up with the latest computer program to go back to their own country? A very, very few of natives would say that. The U.S. is a melting pot. Education is the key to success in the United States. Immigrants know that education is the way to get ahead and make their dreams come true in this country. The U.S. is run by the government and different employers and employees. Immigrants hold very important roles in our economy. Jobs that do not require high school diplomas and jobs that require college degrees, such as bachelor degrees or better. Immigrants that have college degrees in math and science programs are very important to our economy. Ralph E. Gunter, Ph.D. states that In 1975, the United States ranked third in the world in the percentage of students who received degrees in science and engineering. In 2005 the United States was 17th in the world. By 2008, more than 90% of all scientists and engineers in the world were living in Asia. Bachelor’s degrees in science and engineering make up 60% of the total degrees earned in China while only about 30% of the degrees in the United States in 2004 were in science and engineering. In China in 2005 350,000 engineers graduated. (para.4) Immigrants that have a college degree in a math or science fields have more legal opportunities to enter the country. There are still not enough visas issued even for these immigrants that would be a plus to our country. For immigrants that hold positions that do not require a high school diploma have no legal way to immigrate in to the United States. A higher level of education and training accomplished by immigrants is one of the major components of an economic competitiveness strategy for the state and the nation, a strategy that will benefit both the native born residents and the immigrants and their children. Foreign students are a benefit to the economy as well as to our colleges and our corporations. Foreign students give American experience with different cultures sense it is less likely that Americans will go out of the country to get an education. This will give Americans experience that they will definitely use in their careers rather it is in business, medicine/science, or our government. According to U.S. Department of Commerce (2007), “Educational exchange is one of the leading American service export industries.”(p.108). According to the Open Doors 2006 survey “The 564,766 students that were enrolled in the 2005-2006 academic year contributed almost $13.5 billion to the U.S. economy.” (p.108) The Open Doors 2006 survey also notes that “California and New York were the states that benefited the most due to the large number of foreign students the states received $2.1 billion and $1.8 billion. High skilled immigrants account for almost half of the PhD. engineers, life scientist, physical scientists, and math and computer scientist in the U.S.” (p.109) The only visa that may be a close fit is the “H-2B” visa. Many of the jobs that rely on H-2B workers are in rapidly growing industries that need increasing numbers of workers. They are given to 66,000 immigrants each year. As a result, in 2003, 2004, and 2005, the annual allotment of 66,000 visas ran out by March. This caused a lot of problems for businesses that depend on these workers. An estimated...
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