Theorist - Adair, John
British born John Adair, is recognised as being one of the most influential authorities on leadership. Adair developed his Action Centred Leadership model while lecturing at Sand Hurst Royal Military Academy and as assistant director and head of the leadership department at The Industrial Society. Adair’s work developed during the 1960’s and 70’s, so in terms of management theories, it is relatively recent. Adair’s work includes and supports much of the previous thinking on human needs and motivation by Abraham Maslow and Frederick Herzberg, but his theory adds a simple additional organisational dimension. Very importantly, Adair was probably the first to demonstrate that leadership is a trainable, transferable skill, rather than it being an entirely inborn ability. Adair’s Action Centered Leadership Model Adair’s simple Action-Centred Leadership model provides a great framework for leadership and the management of any team, group or organisation. Action Centred Leadership is also a simple leadership and management model, which makes it easy to remember and apply, and to adapt for your own situation. Adair describes leadership with a model of three circles as a functional relationship between the three basic variables of: 1. The TASK 2. The TEAM 3. The INDIVIDUAL The three overlapping circles represent: 1. Achieve the task. The task needs a team as one person alone cannot accomplish it. 2. Build and maintain the team. If the team needs are not met the task will suffer and the individuals will not be satisfied. 3. Develop the individual. If the individual needs are not met the team will suffer and performance of the task will be impaired.
ACHIEVE THE TASK
DEVELOP THE TEAM
DEVELOP THE INDIVIDUAL
N.B. The three circles is a trademark belonging to John Adair
Good managers and leaders should have full command of the three main