• To give due credit to the learned people whose ideas we have found good enough to use. • To enable readers to check up on the veracity or accuracy of any idea we claim to have borrowed from a respectable source. • To avoid the charge of plagiarism i.e. the charge of passing off other people’s ideas as our own.
A very short summary of an academic essay usually placed at the top of the essay to give the reader a preview of the subject matter of the essay.
Academic Writing Process
PRE-WRITING STAGE a) Choosing/generating a topic for the essay. b) Identifying the audience of the essay. c) Clarifying the purpose of the essay. d) Forming a tentative thesis for the essay.
WRITING STAGE a) Putting down, at random, your own ideas/points about the topic. b) Gathering more information from the field – books, journals, magazines, newspapers, internet, radio, television:
1. Prepare a preliminary reading list and make a list of other sources to tap (radio and television stations and relevant programmes, websites). 2. Make notes: paraphrases, summaries, quotations, P.C.).
c) Revising tentative thesis. d) Making an outline for the essay. e) Writing the first draft of the essay.
REVISION STAGE a) Editing the essay. b) Documenting the essay. c) Writing the final version of the essay. d) Proofreading the final version of the essay. (Give brief explanatory comments on above)
Reference skills for writing an academic essay:
The Book as a Research Tool Making preliminary reading list: With the help of library assistants and the tables of contents and indexes of books, journals, magazines, select the reading materials including articles relevant to the chosen/generated topic. Write down in a list, all the materials you find relevant to the research.
Take down their titles and the following particulars of each of them. a) Books: full title underlined, full name of author, name of publishing company, place of