Topics: Ikebana, Flower, Japan Pages: 20 (5526 words) Published: November 4, 2010
Japanese flower arranging, Ikebana is simple. Even a single flower serves as a symbol of universal truth, providing the medium through which humans can become one with nature. Ikebana means living plant material arrangement. Generally, the term Ikebana is used for any type of Japanese flower arrangement. Ikebana is the art of flowerarrangement that needs to stick to many rules. * X While western arrangements emphasize on using many flowers Ikebana uses very few. Sometimes an arrangement may have only one flower. * „X The western arrangement has many layers of flowers while Ikebana strives at striking the balance between the material used for the arrangement and its surroundings. * „X While western arrangements stress ¡§colors¡¨ Ikebana stresses ¡§lines¡¨. Ikebana evolved in Japan over seven centuries and had always been the domain of men. Women started taking it up recently.  It not only has the artistic appeal but it also has a deep philosophical meaning. There are two types of basic arrangements in Ikebana.

1) Heika ¡V This is a very old arrangement style. It uses tall vases and has many rules. 2) Moribana ¡V This is a relatively new style, thus it is much more flexible that Heika. It uses shallow containers. However, both the styles follow the common basic placements of material. There are three placements in these arrangements,

1) Shin ¡V It means ¡¥heaven¡¦. It is the longest placement. 2) Soe ¡V It means ¡¥man¡¦. It is a medium placement.
3) Hikae ¡V It means ¡¥earth¡¦. It is the shortest placement. Apart from these three placements all the additional branches and the flowers used are called ¡§Jushi.¡¨ The total number of placements is always odd in Ikebana. According to Japanese design principles even is symmetry. Symmetry is never encouraged as it is viewed as stagnation. On the other hand odd is asymmetry, which reflects nature and is viewed as creative. In any standard size arrangement Shin is equal to the width + the depth of the container and up to half. Soe is always 3/4th of Shin and Hikae is 3/4th of Soe. No placement is longer than Shin. Upright and the slanting styles are common to both Moribana and Hikae. It takes about 4/5 years for any practitioner to master the process of Ikebana. Though it follows many rules it is a very creative process. It allows the practitioner to express his moods and the temperament. It is viewed as a very relaxing process as it allows the practitioner to unwind himself slowly.

Creating an Upright Ikebana Flower Arrangement
A Basic Technique in Traditional Japanese Flower Design
Apr 11, 2009 Linda McDonnell

Upright Ikebana Arrangement - Linda McDonnell
From the Moribana style, the basic upright design makes a classic triangular arrangement for spring blossoms. The upright Ikebana arrangement is based on three main stems, the tallest angled only slightly from a vertical position. It makes use of the design principles of line, mass, color and space. Equipment and Materials

The Moribana upright arrangement is created in a shallow container. A needle flower holder, also called a “frog” or “pin frog” is used to hold the flowers in place. Garden scissors are needed to cut the flowers and foliage. The frog holder should be placed near the left edge of the container. Tall upright flowers, such as lilies, chrysanthemums, iris, tulips, roses, narcissus and branches of flowering trees and shrubs work well for this arrangement. Branches bearing only foliage are commonly used, as well. More foliage will be added at the base of the arrangement to finish the look. Ads by Google

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Flower measurements for Ikebana are exacting. For this arrangement, three erect stems form the arrangement’s shape. The tallest will be cut to equal the...

References: Apr 11, 2009 Linda McDonnell
Upright Ikebana Arrangement - Linda McDonnell
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