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Topics: Broadcasting, Nigeria, Satellite television Pages: 18 (5607 words) Published: February 10, 2015
.CHAPTER 5
COMMUNICATION SECTOR
BY
INUWA ISHAQ INUWA
AND
ABUBAKAR MUHAMMAD YOLA
CENTRE FOR GENERAL STUDIES, SA’ADATU RIMI COLLEGE OF EDUCATION KUMBOTSO, KANO.

1. COMMUNICATION
2. DEVELOPMENT OF COMMUNICATION SECTOR IN NIGERIA
3. IMPACT OF COMMUNICATION IN NIGERIAN ECONOMY FROM (1999-2013) 4. NIGERIAN COMMUNICATION COMMISSION
5. PROBLEMS OF COMMUNICATION COMMISSION
6. NIGERIAN ICT POLICY

COMMUNICATION
Communication is the process of sending information from one end to the other, which is from sender to the receiver. Communication is derived from the two words, that is the prefix ‘co’ meaning two, and mmunication to mean sharing of meaning. We can deduce that communication only takes place when there is understanding between sender and the receiver. Communication serves as an instrument or a vehicle of social interaction. It helps us to understand ourselves, keep in touch with other people, understand them and be able to predict their response to situation. It is a means by which power is acquired, exercised and sustained. It provides a means by which people in business, politics and other professionals exchange information and an idea, develop plans, proposals and policies, makes decision and manage people and materials. FORMS OF COMMUNICATION

Communication starts with an intra-personal communication, then inter-personal and Mass communication upon which all forms of communication lies within. INTRA-PERSONAL COMMUNICATION
Intra-personal communication is the communication within oneself that take effect through the sensory organs. Early humans used their senses to help them understand their world and to develop perception and judgment. They learned that on a hot, rainy day, they could seek shade to cool off. When it was cold, they build a fire. The process of sunlight entering the eye and communicating brightness to the central nervous system, the tactile sense organs communicating the feeling of cool air, the thought process of deciding whether to brave the cold or build fire, stay inside or go outside, were all the result of communication taking place within the individual. This is the electrochemical action of the body-taking place in the process of intra-personal communication, the communication within us. VERBAL COMMUNICATION

This is the type of communication that involves the use of words and spoken or written. In verbal communication, we select words, put them together and then transmit them through speaking or writing. It is obvious that verbal communication is the same as oral, intra-personal, group and cultural communication. Verbal communications have different levels, ranging from inter personal communication to group and cultural communication levels.

WRITTEN COMMUNICATION
Written communication is a type of communication that essentially is in written form. Messages are translated in to alphabetic symbols which, when organized, covey messages, ideas and information. The most important characteristics of written communication is permanency. Information in written form can be stored for several decades and can be referred to by any one at any time. Books, articles, novels, letters and memos written several years ago still have information and messages contained in them intact. written communication can only take place among the literate, who can read and write. Even then most people hardly find time to read and write at length. 5.05 SILENT COMMUNICATION

Silent communication is a type of communication not linked to speaking or writing. It is carried out using nonverbal symbols, involving the use of paralinguistic signals, body language and other abstract symbols to convey messages. Nonverbal codes, because they are mostly produced from subconscious, area usually difficult to control. We communicate fear, envy, hatred, love, elation, anxiety or concerns without saying it, they are evident in our language – gestures, postures, movements and facial expressions....

References: ‘’communications Nigeria’’. World factbook, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. 14th February 2014. Retrieved in February 2014.
Development of Communication Sector in Nigeria: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Federal Government of Nigeria ((2005) Nigerian Communications Commission Act.
Federal Government of Nigeria ;(Undated)National Information Technology Policy.
http://www.nigeriasite.com/telecommunication.html
John R.B. (1989) Mass Communication. An introduction, 5th edition. New Jersey; Printice Hall.
‘’Nigeria Profile’’ BBC News, 12 September 2013.
National Information And Communication Technology (ICT) Final Draft Policy By Ministry Of Communication Technology August, 2012
Sambe J.A.(2008) Introduction to Mass Communication Practice in Nigeria. Reprinted. Spectrum Books ltd. Sp5612ectrum House Ring Road. P.M.B. 5612 Ibadan, Nigeria.
Stanley. J.B. (2009) Introduction to Mass Communication, Media literacy and culture.
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