The Greek people of the 5th century BC created a culture that was deeply rooted in philosophy and the arts. Their endless search for their place in the grand scheme of the universe and in nature around them influenced everything in their lives especially their love of the arts. Their drama, sculpture, and even architecture are all shining examples of the ideas that were so dominant in the minds of the Greek people. What could be considered the crown jewel of Greek architecture, the Parthenon, is one such of these examples. It brings into form the three principal ideas of humanism, rationalism, and idealism of the 5th century Greek people through not only its structure, but its ornamentation and sculpture as well. The basis of humanism can be summed up in the words of Protagoras, "Man is the measure of all things." Humanism is the idea that human beings are the yardstick by with to measure all things in the universe, including Greek gods and goddesses. The Parthenon stands for this very idea through the fact that it is a human organization of space. It brings an understandable order into a chaotic space that would otherwise be incomprehensible to a human being. It allows a human to see the space and recognize it as something that is real. It also consists of repeated patterns and distance intervals throughout its structure that add to this order. The metopes, for example, are set in an alternating pattern with the triglyphs around the entire building at distinct intervals bringing a clear order to the entablature of the Parthenon. The columns that support the Parthenon are also placed in certain distance intervals from each other and coincide with the pattern formed by the metopes and triglyphs. These columns, however, are not in a perfect pattern of equal distances around the entire Parthenon. The columns on either side of the doorway to the Parthenon are placed a little farther apart than the rest to show a clear entrance to the building. Also the corner columns
From 447-432 B.C., one of the most amazing buildings was built. This building was called the Parthenon, and is a stepping stone for some modern archeology. The Parthenon and its excavation helps us learn about the culture in Athens, the city where the Parthenon was constructed. Without the brilliant minds of the Athenians, one of the most beautiful buildings wouldn’t exist.
To fully understand how such an amazing structure could have been built so long ago and its significance in history, it….
Athens, the Parthenon was built in respect to the growing community and a strong democratic society. Not only did it symbolize equality “The Parthenon was a creation of a free democracy, initiated, controlled, and approved by popular assembly and its judicial organs” (Bruno 111). Just a single building had such a tremendous influence on the entire city. Through design, social atmosphere and government, the Parthenon demonstrates characteristics of a free democratic civilization.
The Parthenon was first….
The Parthenon in Athens is the most important and characteristic monument of ancient Greek civilization, it is a universal symbol of freedom and democracy. It shows the finest point of Greek architecture, history and ancient Greek religious beliefs. The Parthenon is a temple dedicated to Athens patron goddess, Athena (Herbert, 2006:3). Athena was the goddess of civilization, wisdom, weaving, crafts and war. She never had a consort or lover, and so she was often known as Athena Parthenos….
Work began on the Parthenon, built on the Acropolis, in 447 BC to replace an existing temple which was destroyed by the Persians in 480 BC and cost 469 silver talents to build. The work began under the orders of Pericles to show the wealth and exuberance of Athenian power. The name of the building most likely came from a cult statue of Athena Parthenos housed in the eastern room of the building. This magnificent structure was built of ivory and gold and was sculptured by the renowned….
When work began on the Parthenon in 447 BC, the Athenian Empire was at the height of its power. When it was finished in 432 BC, it symbolized Athenian’s imperial power and it symbolizes the power and influence of the Athenian politician, Perikles, who championed its construction. The Parthenon is a Doric peripteral temple, which means that it consists of a rectangular floor plan with a series of low steps on every side, and a colonnade of Doric columns extending around the periphery….
sacred to her. She was noted for
her wisdom which explains her close association with the owl, an ancient symbol
of wisdom and reason. The most famous temple to Athena was the Parthenon (5th
century BC) which was named for Parthenos ("the Maiden"), which still stands
atop the Acropolis in Athens. The interior of the Parthenon stands a statue of
Athena Parthenos, sculpted by Phidais. When I was reading through myths, I
decided I would talk about "The Gift of Athena" which, in my opinion, best
The Parthenon in Athens Greece was built from 447 BCE- 438 BCE, the sculptures continuing to be worked on for an additional six years after. The building of the Parthenon was possible because of the embezzlement of Delos, a small city that allied with Athens during the war. After the war was ended, Athens had control of Delo’s treasury, and choose to use it to rebuild the temple that the Persians had burnt down. They had vowed to not rebuild the temple until after the Persians had been defeated….
nation’s power—and who should own it is central to the debate of returning artifacts to their countries of origin. The argument predominantly revolves around the marbles removed from the Parthenon by the British Lord Elgin. While the Greek government does not recognize the British Museum as the owner of the Parthenon Marbles, it can be said that they did acquire them by the proper means of the time. Other countries have asked for previously removed artifacts, such as the Rosetta Stone and the Hamilton….
Jenifer Neils's article “Reconfiguring the Gods on the Parthenon Frieze” analyzes the interpretations of the Parthenon frieze in terms of its iconography, meaning, the use of space, time, and future influence. Neils’s analyzes very important components of the frieze, but those that stood most out to me is the use of space and the influence of the monument.
Neils’s highlights of the main components of the meaning behind the frieze, arguing that some of the gods were chosen on the basis of proximity….
1. Parthenon Sculpture
The Parthenon, or the Temple of Athena Perthenos, sits at the top of the Acropolis in Greece, dating 447-438 BCE, and can be viewed as an ideal Greek temple in the Doric design. Designed by Iktinos and Kallikrates, the proportions of the temple are considered perfect, and the Parthenon was decorated more extravagantly than any other Greek temple (Gardner, 70), adorned with sculpture and friezes along both pediments, and all 92 Doric metopes, presenting many classic elements….