# Ib Sl Math Type 1 Ia - Lacsap's Fraction

Topics: Number, Fraction, Elementary arithmetic Pages: 4 (709 words) Published: January 21, 2013
Lacsap’s Fractions

Laurie Scott
SL Math Internal Assessment
Mr. Winningham
9/5/12

Instructions: In this task you will consider a set of numbers that are presented in a symmetrical pattern. Pascal’s Triangle
|n=0 |1 |
|1 |0 |
|2 |3 |
|3 |6 |
|4 |10 |
|5 |15 |
|6 |21 |

Table 1: Relationship between Row Number and Numerator of Figure 2 [pic]
Figure 3: Graph of the relationship between Row Number and Numerator of Figure 2

In order to find the sixth and seventh rows, a pattern for determining the denominator must be found:

First it is helpful to determine a relationship between the numerator and denominator of the first term in each row:

|Row Number ( n ) |Difference of Numerator and |
| |Denominator (1st term) |
|1 |0 |
|2 |1 |
|3 |2 |
|4 |3 |
|5 |4 |

Table 2: Relationship between Row Number and the difference of the Numerator and Denominator of the 1st term in Figure 2

This data shows that the difference increases by 1 as the row number increases. The data also shows that the difference between the row number and the difference of the numerator and denominator is also 1. From this a statement for the denominator of the first term in each row can be derived:

Denominator (1) = Numerator (1) - (n-1) (n = row number) Example:
- When n = 5
Denominator (1) = 15 - (5 – 1)
= 15 - 4
= 11

Now for the...