Hypothesis Testing Paper

Topics: Bipolar disorder, Hypothesis, Statistical hypothesis testing Pages: 5 (1426 words) Published: September 22, 2014
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HYPOTHESIS TESTING PAPER

JILL HOLMAN

PSY/315

September 1, 2014

Jennifer Slothower

HYPOTHESIS TESTING PAPER

We are seeing the influence of psychosocial stress on the course of bipolar disorder being increasingly recognized. Child adversity is not just a topic that is discussed, but is a topic that is real in the society in which we live. Child adversity can hit close to home. A child experiences this by being in a state or instance of serious or continued difficulty (Merriam-Webster, 2014). Situations of these types are terrible to see and can affect the child, but just not as children. These types of situations could include: verbal, physical, or sexual abuse, neglect, parental death, bullying, or even poverty. The effects of these types of situations can carry on into an individual's adulthood as well as concerning his/her physical and mental well-being. See what we are looking into is not just child adversity, but another topic as well. The question being asked is, "Does early child adversity make bipolar disorder more likely?" Individuals have their own views and opinions on this topic and question. In this hypothesis testing, a description of the research issue and a hypothesis statement, regarding the research hypothesis and the null hypothesis will be addressed. For the accuracy of the research issue, the population will have to be determined and the sampling method to help in generating the sample. The data will be described as to how it was collected, the level of measurement, and the statistical technique used in helping of the task of analyzing the data. All these steps will help in the explanation of the findings.

EARLY CHILD ADVERSITY AND THE BIPOLAR DISORDER

In understanding the meaning of child adversity, we want to look at the meaning of the term, bipolar disorder. Here we aren't just focusing on child adversity; we are focusing on both to see if the child adversity emphasizes bipolar disorder more likely. According to U.S. National Library of Medicine (2014), "Bipolar disorder is a condition in which a person has periods of depression and periods of being extremely happy or being cross or irritable In addition to these mood swings, the person has extreme changes in activity and energy" (Bipolar Disorder). Symptoms of bipolar disorder can be severe and can result in damaged relationships, poor job or school performance, and even suicide (National Institute of Mental Health, 2012). Bipolar disorder affects both men and women, usually occurring between the ages of 15-25. The exact cause of bipolar disorder is unknown. However, there are factors involved that cause or trigger the occurrences. As we are researching, we are finding environment plays a role. According to Mayo Clinic (2014), "An individual's stress, abuse, significant loss, or other traumatic experiences can contribute to this disorder" (Causes). All these factors and experiences listed can take place in a child's life, whether we want to admit it or not. Most of the time, more often than we would care to talk about. This connection gives us a starting point in developing our hypothesis.

With a research issue, it is essential a hypothesis be formulated. "Hypothesis is a prediction often based on informal observation, previous research, or theory that is testing in a research study" (Aron, Aron, & Coups, 2013, p. 108). In a research study, the testing is referred to as a hypothesis procedure. We must first state a research hypothesis and a null hypothesis. "Research hypothesis is a statement in a hypothesis testing procedure about the predicted relation between populations. Null hypothesis is a statement about a relation between populations that is the opposite of the research hypothesis" (Aron, Aron, & Coups, 2013, p. 108). The null hypothesis is often said to be the opposite of what is being predicted. For this study, the research hypothesis is, "Early child adversity makes bipolar disorder more likely." The...

References: Aron, A., Aron, E., & Coups, E. (2013). Statistics for Psychology (6th ed.). Retrieved from The
University of Phoenix eBook Collection database.
Mayo Clinic. (2014). _Bipolar Disorder Causes_. Retrieved from
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bipolar-disorder/basics/causes/con-20027544
Merriam-Webster. (2014). _Adversity_. Retrieved from
http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/adversity
National Institute of Mental Health. (2012). _Bipolar Disorder in Adults_. Retrieved from
http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/bipolar-disorder-in-adults/index.shtml
U.S. National Library of Medicine. (2014). _Bipolar Disorder_. Retrieved from
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001924/
WebMD. (2014). _Bipolar Disorder_. Retrieved from
http://www.webmd.com/bipolar-disorder/mental-health-bipolar-disorder
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