Unit 4 Short Paper: Hypothesis and Conclusion
CJ499: Bachelors Capstone in Criminal Justice
Professor Christopher Elg
March 12, 2013
Science proceeds by a continuous, incremental process that involves generating hypotheses, collecting evidence, testing hypotheses, reaching evidence based conclusions. (Michael, 2002). The scientific process typically involves making observations, asking questions, forming hypotheses and testing hypotheses by way of well-structured experiments. (Science in Action’s Science Fair Projects & More, 2010-2011). The scientific method is steps used by many to find answers to questions they want to know. The scientific method is an approach to acquiring knowledge that contains many elements of the methods, and it tries to avoid pitfalls of any individual method used by itself. (Rybarova, 2006). Methods of inquiry are ways in which a person can know things or discover answers to the questions. (Rybarova, 2006). What are the five scientific methods of research inquiry and how they are defined? Explain how it is applied to the research project and provide examples. Develop a hypothesis focused on the professional practices of criminal justice practitioners. Then select two methods of inquiries and how you would apply them to your hypothesis to reach a conclusion.
The five scientific methods of research inquiry are question, hypothesis, experiment, data analysis, and conclusion. The question process is what I want to learn, which in this process you will decide what variables you want to change and how. (Regents of the University of Minnesota, 2003-2012). Ask yourself, is it testable or non-testable? Those variables will be dependent and independent variables. A characteristic whose value may change, vary, or respond when manipulated experimentally is called a dependent variable. (Regents of the University of Minnesota, 2003-2012). Conversely,
References: Logan, G. (2004). The Effects of 9/11 on the Airline Industry. USA TODAY. http://traveltips.usatoday.com/effects-911-airline-industry-63890.html McGee, B. (2012). Five most significant changes in air travel since 9/11. USA TODAY. Travel. http://travel.usatoday.com/experts/mcgee/story/2012-06-27/Five-most-significant-changes-in-air-travel-since-911/55841424/1 Michael, R. (2002). Strategies for Educational Inquiry: Inquiry & Scientific Method. Fall 2002 — Y520: 5982 http://www.indiana.edu/~educy520/sec5982/week_1/inquiry_sci_method02.pdf Regents of the University of Minnesota. (2003-2012). The Scientific Method. http://www.monarchlab.org/mitc/Resources/StudentResearch/ScientificMethod.aspx Rybarova, D. (2006). Introduction Acquiring Knowledge, and the Scientific Method. http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&frm=1&source=web&cd=9&cad=rja&ved=0CGIQFjAI&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.u.arizona.edu%2F~dusana%2Fpsych290Bpresession06%2Fnotes%2FCh1%2520Introduction%2C%2520Inquiry%2C%2520and%2520the%2520Scientific%2520method.ppt&ei=TeA_UaGqD8vZyQHD-4GQAg&usg=AFQjCNEbxy8umFWok015d60lu9H6Y8t0qw. Science in Action’s Science Fair Projects & More. (2010-2011). The Scientific Method: The Method in the Madness! http://www.science-fair-projects-and-more.com/scientific-method.html