Hypothesis Analysis

Topics: Scientific method, Reasoning, Deductive reasoning Pages: 2 (592 words) Published: November 12, 2009
{text:bookmark-start} Hypothesis Analysis {text:bookmark-end} Scientific Method is a process that is the basis for scientific inquiry. The scientific method follows a series of steps: identify a problem you would like to solve, formulate a hypothesis, test the hypothesis, collect and analyze the date, and make conclusions {text:bookmark-start} (“LabWrite Resources“, n.d.) {text:bookmark-end} We will cover and give examples of how the scientific method works throughout this paper. Let us start with observation, which means paying attention, watching and recording something. For example, one could watch how a plant grows from start to finish and record the outcome. This brings us to the next step thehypothesis, which consists either of a suggested explanation for a phenomenon or of a reasoned proposal suggesting a possible correlation between multiple phenomena. A hypothesis must cover the facts it is intended to interpret and it must rationally interconnect these facts, meaning it must be adequate and coherent. The hypothesis gives us a tentative answer to some question. Once we have looked at the facts the final step is the prediction which is considered the outcome {text:bookmark-start} (Campbell, Reece, & Simon, p. 14) {text:bookmark-end} . The prediction is tested through two process deductive and inductive reasoning. Deductive reasoning argues from the general to a specific instance, meaning if something is true of a class of things in general, this truth applies to all legitimate members of that class (Wise Geek). Inductive reasoning is contrast to deductive reasoning it have no logical movement from premises to conclusion. In inductive reasoning the premise may be true while the conclusion is false since there is not necessarily a logical relationship between the premises and conclusion {text:bookmark-start} (“Inductive Reasoning) {text:bookmark-end} . Let us look at some examples of observation, hypothesis, prediction, deductive, and inductive...

References: {text:bookmark-start} Campbell, N. A., Reece, J. B., & Simon, E. J. (2007). Biology Today. In Essential Biology (pp. 14-15). Pearson Education, Inc.: Benjamin Cummings. {text:bookmark-end}
{text:bookmark-start} Inductive Reasoning (1994). In Grolier’s Multimedia Encyclopedia (Vol. , pp. -p. ). : . {text:bookmark-end}
{text:bookmark-start} LabWrite Resources. (n.d.). In . Retrieved November 3, 2009, from http://www.ncsu.edu/labwrite/res/res-glossary.html {text:bookmark-end}
{text:bookmark-start} Wise Geek. (, ). Whst is deductive reasoning. Message posted to http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-deductive-reasoning.htm {text:bookmark-end}
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