hypertension and diabetes
Unit 1 Assignment 1: Homeostasis Imbalances
ITT Technical Institute-Youngstown
March 22, 2014
April 5, 2014
Explaining hypertension to a 63 year old male that has only completed the eighth grade you want to make sure that you can make it so that he understands what is wrong with him and how to handle it. So instead of tell him that hypertension “is a condition that increases the risk for heart attack, stroke, kidney failure, coronary heart disease, and other serious health problems” (Krucik, 2013) and leave it at that, you will need to go more in depth with the explanation for him. As the nurse we need to make sure that he knows about every side effect because we do not know what effect he could get. Be sure to tell the patient what blood pressure is. Blood pressure is the force of which the blood pushes against the inside of the arteries then when your heart pumps harder the smaller the blood vessels and the higher the blood pressure goes (Krucik, 2013). Make sure he knows how to measure his blood pressure on his own, let him know that a healthy blood pressure is 150/90. Make sure the patient knows that he is going to need to change his lifestyles. This could include any of the following; losing weight, quit smoking, eating healthy, reducing sodium, regular exercise, and limit alcohol intake (Web MD, 2014). It is always a good thing to give the patient some statistics for instance I found some from Web MD it states that the averages of strokes are between 35%-40%, heart attack 20%-25%, and for heart failure it is more than 50% (Web MD, 2014). For people that are diagnosed with hypertension, they should be following up with their doctors at least once a month to make sure that everything is staying on track and nothing is getting worse. Before you send the patient home make sure that they know when to check their blood pressure and when to take their medicine (if they are taking any). After the doctor feels that the patient has it under control then the appointments will go to every three to six months (Web MD, 2014). As for the thirteen year old honor student you can use some bigger words than you could for the 63 year old man. Since she was just diagnosed with diabetes you want to make sure that she knows the side effects of type one and type two and the differences between them as well. With type one you will have to take a shot and with type two you will be taking pills. Type two diabetes is known to be over looked because the symptoms do not seem serious enough to have them looked at, or there are no symptoms. For type one diabetes, some of the common symptoms are excessive thirst and appetite, increased urination, unusual weight loss or weight gain, fatigue, nausea, blurred vision, for women they could have frequent vaginal infections or yeast infections, dry mouth, slow-healing sores or cuts, and itching skin (Web MD, 2014). Type one occurs when the body destroys the insulin producing cells called beta cells and those cells are located in the pancreas (Med MD, 2014). People with type two diabetes; their body still make insulin but it does not make enough for the entire body (Web MD, 2014). People with type two diabetes, have different problems than people that have type one. Type two can do damage to the body, causes dehydration and diabetic coma (Web MD, 2014). The fact that anyone can get type two diabetes it is found more in people that are over the age of 45, are overweight, have family members with it, do not exercise, have high blood pressure, and are certain races or ethical groups (Web MD, 2014). Up until recently it was unheard of for a child to have type two diabetes but now there are more than 186,000 people under the age of 20 with diabetes (Web MD, 2014). For diabetes to start in children the risks have to be as follows; being overweight, family history, female gender, ethnical groups, and any other problems with insulin resistance in the body (Web MD, 2014).
Disruptions in the homeostasis imbalance happen when the internal environment with the goes over or under certain limits. It happens when the cells in the body do not work together to keep the cells at the right percent. The homeostatic imbalance can lead to two different diseases. One is deficiency which is when the cells do not get everything that they need. Two is toxicity that is when the cells are being poisoned by things that the cells do not need. When this happens the body can try to correct the problem or it can make it worse ("Homeostasis and regulation," 2013).
Krucik, G. (2013, November 06). What do you know about high blood pressure. Retrieved from http://www.healthline.com/health/high-blood-pressure-hypertension
WEB MD. (2014). Hypertension/high blood pressure health center. Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/hypertension-high-blood-pressure/guide/hypertension- treatment-overview
Web MD. (2014). Diabetes health center. Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/diabetes/understanding-diabetes-symptoms
Homeostasis and regulation in the human body. (2013, March 07). Retrieved from http://opencurriculum.org/articles/biology/?q=homeostasis-and-regulation-in-the-human- body
Citations: Krucik, G. (2013, November 06). What do you know about high blood pressure. Retrieved from http://www.healthline.com/health/high-blood-pressure-hypertension WEB MD. (2014). Hypertension/high blood pressure health center. Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/hypertension-high-blood-pressure/guide/hypertension- treatment-overview Web MD. (2014). Diabetes health center. Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/diabetes/understanding-diabetes-symptoms Homeostasis and regulation in the human body. (2013, March 07). Retrieved from http://opencurriculum.org/articles/biology/?q=homeostasis-and-regulation-in-the-human- body