Pages: 7 (2216 words) /
Published: Sep 18th, 2014
Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is a chronic condition in which blood pressure is elevated. “Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the walls of arteries as it flows through them. Arteries are the blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood from the heart to the body 's tissues. As blood flows through arteries it pushes against the inside of the artery walls. The more pressure the blood exerts on the artery walls, the higher the blood pressure will be. T he size of small arteries also affects the blood pressure. When the muscular walls of arteries are relaxed, or dilated, the pressure of the blood flowing through them is lower than when the artery walls narrow, or constrict”. There are two ways hypertension can be described, there is primary (essential) and secondary hypertension. A case is deemed Primary Hypertension when no medical cause can be found. Primary Hypertension represents 90-95% of all cases. The other classification of hypertension is when there is a defined medical condition that is the root cause of the elevation of blood pressure. Such medical conditions include but are not limited to endocrine diseases, kidney diseases, and tumors. It also can be a side effect of many medications.
A persistent case is a risk factor for strokes, heart attacks, and heart failure Even a moderate elevation in blood pressure could lead to a shortened life expectancy. So how can one diagnose hypertension? Hypertension is diagnosed to be present when a person 's blood pressure is consistently at least 140 mmHg systolic or 90 mmHg diastolic.. Mild or moderate essential hypertension is usually considered to be asymptomatic. Some symptoms can manifest in accelerated cases. Such symptoms include headache, drowsiness, confusion, visual disturbances, and nausea and vomiting. If one experiences these symptoms there are more advance tests to verify if it is indeed hypertension. These tests include
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