Also known as high blood presion. Hypertension can damage the arteries, heart, brain, kidneys and eyes. Hypertension has no symptom, that’s why it’s called a “silent killer”. People with uncontrolled hypertension may have drowsiness, confusion, headache, nausea, loss of vision and difficult breathing. Primary hypertension cause is unknown; it tends to develop gradually over the years. Secondary hypertension can be cause for various conditions. Kidney problems, medications like control pills, illegal drugs can be a cause for secondary hypertension. There are a couple of medications we can use to help us treat the disease like thiazide diuretics, beta blockers, calcium channel blockers and more. More importantly is to change the life style to treat this disease like start exercising, stop smoking or start eating healthier. Nursing assistants should take BP for a person with this disorder. Diabetes
Organs most affected through diabetes would be the eyes, heart, kidneys, feet, nerves and the reproductive system. Common symptoms of diabetes are urinating often; feeling thirsty, hungry, tired, have blurry vision, healing slowly, pain in the hands or feet. Diabetes can be caused by genetics, lack of insulin, and obesity. Diabetes has no cure but to prevent complications you can exercise, take insulin, and control sugar blood level. Vascular Accident
The CVA affects the brain. The person may start complaining about a headache, appear confused, have vision problems, and depending on what part on the brain damaged the person might lose one or more functions. Some functions may be the ability to speak, see, balance, perception, make movements and co-ordination. The treatment should begin as soon as the stroke is diagnosed. The doctor can give oxygen to the patient and give the patient an aspiring to reduce the risk of death. There are two major types of stroke.
Ischemic stroke occurs when a blood vessel is blocked by a blood clot. Hemorrhagic stroke...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document