Hyperbaric Oxygen and Brain Trauma

Satisfactory Essays
Is Hyperbaric Oxygenation Therapy a beneficial therapy for children with Cerebral Palsy? A Review of the Evidence

Issue: Is Hyperbaric Oxygenation Therapy a beneficial therapy for children with Cerebral Palsy?

Background: Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) is being promoted as a new therapy for children afflicted with cerebral palsy. It is being utilized by several specialized medical centers in the US, Europe and Canada. The rationale behind this therapy is inhalation of pressurized pure oxygen within a hyperbaric chamber, results in higher levels of dissolved oxygen within the blood (Liptak, 2005). Over 15 studies have been conducted to determine if increased oxygenation repairs the damaged brain cells of children with cerebral palsy.

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to review the methods, results, and conclusions of the most recent literature to identify if HBOT therapy is beneficial or detrimental for children with CP.

Method: Studies were selected from scientific databases, professional journals and academic websites. Participants were limited to the pediatric population. Research had to be performed within the last 15 years and utilize only HBOT therapy.

Results: The studies reviewed, reported minimum improvements in function after treatment with hyperbaric oxygen. No organized studies were found that measured the adverse effects on children treated with HBOT, but complications have been associated with the treatment (Lacey & Pilati, 2012). There is wide deviation in the optimal or minimum ATA pressure, oxygen concentration, frequency and length of treatments needed to produce optimal results.

Discussion: There is insufficient evidence to determine whether the use of HBOT improves functional outcomes in children with cerebral palsy. Future trials of HBOT need improved design and better reporting before the effectiveness of HBOT as a treatment for cerebral palsy can be

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy

    • 837 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Smith Speech Communications, SPCH ORBC-MW06 22 March 2010 Hyperbaric Chambers and Oxygen Therapy: Life Saver Specific Purpose: To inform audience of hyperbaric chambers and the oxygen therapy that they provide. Central Idea: The description of a hyperbaric chamber, the oxygen therapy process, the illnesses it treats and the side effects. Introduction I. Oxygen, one of the most important elements without which life would not…

    • 837 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Without oxygen, life itself would be nonexistent. Imagine what would happen if wounds did not get better, incisions did not heal, and burns did not improve. This is where hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) comes into play. Oxygen is necessary for the replenishment of tissues, healing of the body and assisting with general ailments. HBOT is used for a wide variety of treatments usually as requested in a medical care plan (Society, 1996). In this paper I will introduce what hyperbaric oxygen therapy…

    • 695 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Hyperbaric oxygen therapy "is a well-established treatment for decompression sickness, a hazard of scuba diving" (Hyperbaric oxygen therapy, 2014). It involves breathing pure oxygen in a pressurized room or tube (Hyperbaric oxygen therapy, 2014). In a hyperbaric chamber the air pressure is increased by three times that of normal air pressure which allows the lungs to gather more oxygen (Hyperbaric oxygen therapy, 2014). The increase in oxygen within the body allows the body to better fight off bacteria…

    • 350 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Brain Trauma

    • 1369 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Memory Loss Due to Brain Trauma Numerous psychological studies have been done over the subject of the effects of accidental head trauma leading to various memory problems such as memory loss. These studies ranging from the very mild to the extremely severe brain traumas cases and has various effects on memory whether it is short term of long term memory problems and loss. This paper is going to more specifically cover vehicular accidents that involved head trauma leading to memory loss and other…

    • 1369 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Trauma Affects Brains

    • 434 Words
    • 2 Pages

    In “Trauma affects brains of boys and girls in opposite ways” by Stanford University, the University of Stanford states that brain scans of teenagers with post-traumatic stress disorder show a structural differences between boy and girls. The part of the brain that shows the structural difference is called insula, the insula is the part of the brain that “detects cues from the body and processes emotions and empathy and helps to integrate feeling, actions, and several other brain functions” (Stanford…

    • 434 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Brain Trauma In Sports

    • 564 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Although many activities and sports may be enjoyable, some may cause long-term consequences specifically to the brain. There have been several reports of brain trauma and head injuries due to certain sports, such as football. Research shows many individuals who have experienced the dangers of brain damage because of physical infliction during a game of football. The movie Concussion shows a forensic pathologist who discovers chronic traumatic encephalopathy, or CTE, while performing an autopsy on…

    • 564 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Football Brain Trauma

    • 593 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Recent studies show that football players are likely to have brain trauma and will be affected in the long run. Because of the abnormal buildup of protein in the brain, it causes the tissue to be degenerated. Although brain trauma can become a problem for anyone at any time, football is a push for the problem. One of the common effects on the brain is chronic traumatic encephalopathy, which is the loss of memory, emotional and aggression control. After all, football should be banned from high school…

    • 593 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Trauma is an experience that someone has that threatens that has threatened their well-being; these types of threatening experiences can create an immeasurable amount of stress and fear (Carrion & Wong, 2012). When a traumatic event or circumstance occur there are several areas within development that can be impacted (Carrion & Wong, 2012). Neural development is affect by trauma because as a result of continuous recurrent stress (Carrion & Wong, 2012). Researchers suggest that traumatic events can…

    • 1234 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Oxygen

    • 2690 Words
    • 11 Pages

    Oxygen Oxygen and its compounds play a key role in many of the important processes of life and industry. Oxygen in the biosphere is essential in the processes of respiration and metabolism, the means by which animals derive the energy needed to sustain life. Furthermore, oxygen is the most abundant element at the surface of the Earth. In combined form it is found in ores, earths, rocks, and gemstones, as well as in all living organisms. Oxygen is a gaseous chemical element in Group VA of the periodic…

    • 2690 Words
    • 11 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Hyperbaric Treatment Plan

    • 1276 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Hyperbaric solutions tend to spread below the level of the injection, while isobaric solutions are not influenced in this way. It is easier to predict the spread of spinal anaesthesia when using a hyperbaric agent. Isobaric preparations may be made hyperbaric by the addition of dextrose. Hypobaric agents are not generally available. In my patient we have used plain bupivacaine 0.5% with 0.2 mg morphine. Bupivacaine (Marcaine) is 0.5% hyperbaric (heavy) solution is the…

    • 1276 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Good Essays