INTRODUCTION TO HUMANITIES Lecture 1 – OVERVIEW ON HUMANITIES 1. Meaning of Humanities 1.1. 1.2. Humanus – Humanitas – Human, Humanity – it refers to the quality of being a human; huma, civilized, cultured) Branch of Learning – it refers to the study of the arts. As a study, its material object is “artwork” and its formal object is “creativity and appreciation.”
Every creation around you which is made by human beings represents someone's humanity. The chair you're sitting in, the clothes you're wearing, the building you're in, or your home, even the time of day which people created, all are representative of someone's humanity -- their human-ness. In other words, everything that human beings have created can be classified as part of the humanities.
2. Misconceptions on the term Humanities: It should not be confused with the terms: 2.1. Humanism – specific philosophical belief 2.2. Humanitarianism – concern for charitable works. 3. Humanities: Art and Science 3.1. 3.2. 3.3. 4. Art: Skills (Greek techne or technical) Science: Involves a process. Social Science: Man as the focus. Art is the subject matter, but art is created by man for man.
Humanities vs. Philosophy Comparison: Humanities: Man is the source and fountain of all creativity. (Creating Subject) Philosophy: Man is the starting point of knowledge. (Inquiring Subject) Contrast: Humanities: Explicit understanding of artworks – extensions of his being (man). Philosophy: Implicit understanding of himself as composed of body and soul.
Why Study Humanities? 1. Through Humanities, we can be connected to places we have not visited, understand the past or history which has significance to the present. It makes us encounter great minds and hearts of human history. 2. Through Humanities, we will be studying what humans have found valuable or good throughout the time. 3. Through Humanities, we experience connection between culture and community through different art exposures – museum visits, concerts, theater performance, and support of local artists. 4. Through Humanities, we increase our respect for cultural and individual differences through a knowledge of achievements and of world civilization. 5. Through Humanities, we gain a global perspective through the knowledge of world cultures.
6. Through Humanities, we will be able to build up your career, focus our life, minimize frustration, and most importantly, be able to work as part of an effective team. Lecture 2 – OVERVIEW ON THE ARTS 1. Art: Concept or Fact? Art is either a concept or a fact. As a concept, it is subject to be understood and be grasped by any perceiver. Furthermore, it cannot be defined because it springs from the ideas and emotions of man concretized by means of any sensuous material. But, art as a fact is observable; is that which is known through the senses. It refers then to any creative work of an artist that can easily be described upon noticing the different mediums being used and the context in which it is produced. 2. Art and Experience All art demands experience. There can be no appreciation of art without experience. An experience is something that affects your life. Persons Affected by Art Experience: 1. The person of the artist. 2. The person of the percipient. Characteristics of Experience: 1. It must be personal and individual. It must not exactly be the same as that of any other person. 2. Experience is accompanied by emotion or emotional reaction. You like it or you do not like it. 3. Artist vs. Craftsman The word art originally meant skill, ability, or craft (corresponding to the Greek techne from which we derive the words like technical and technique). In the ancient world, a "work of art" was simply any object that required skill or craft in its production. Only gradually, beginning about the middle of the 17th century, did work of art mean a work of fine or high art. The artisan or the craftsman is not expected to be original and he is good at his job to the...
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