An Invisible Issue: Human Trafficking
Many people know the basics of what human trafficking is but what they don’t know is how often it occurs. People do not spend time thinking about how many people human trafficking affects or how to stop it. Human trafficking is an issue that is highly ignored. Many people believe that the selling of people into slavery is not a problem in America or not a big problem at all. The truth is that there are large amounts of human trafficking happening all over the world, even in the United States. People must be informed so society can begin to take action to stop the problem.
There are many cases of human trafficking, mostly amongst women and children. Human trafficking specifically of women is used internationally for economic gain. In order to transport women and children across the border force, coercion and fraud are used. Human trafficking is compared to drug trafficking but less risky because the trades can easily seem more legitimate. Also with poverty and a lack of education increasing, the United Nations predicts that human trafficking will increase rapidly with them (Veenstra 1472). People need to be taught about the haunting facts otherwise the rate of human trafficking will continue to rise and more women and children will be at risk. Seventy percent of human trafficking victims are women and 50% of victims are children under the age of 18 years old. Around 700 thousand to 4 million women and children are estimated to be trafficked each year and about 7 billion dollars are the estimated profits (Veenstra 1472). So many people do not even realize that this problem occurs, yet up to 4 million women and children are trafficked each year. Men are not left out; they are also trafficked and are often unaccounted for. Two-hundred-ninety-three thousand American children who are mostly runaways or throwaways from the streets are at risk of becoming victims of trafficking (Walker 2). It is believed that a country such as America could never be a part of such a horrible trade, but any child is at risk, not just the children of third world or poor countries. Trafficking happens in the United States, much more than people want to believe.
Human trafficking is a worldwide problem yet it is still ignored by most of society. According to research sponsored by the U.S Government, “800,000 people are trafficking across national borders every year. This does not include the millions of people trafficked within their own countries” (Hart 52). Japan is the largest market for trafficked women. Since there is a one child rule and men are valued more, men greatly outnumber women. Of those born between the years 1980 and 2000 males outnumber females by about 8.5 million. This creates a demand for wives and sex industry workers (Veenstra 1472). Japan is a perfect example of how something that seems so unrelated to human trafficking, such as their country’s values, can cause a great need for humans to be trafficked. Society can never be sure what seemingly small traditions or values can cause something as gargantuan as human trafficking. In order to transport people from other countries into the United States, traffickers use the Mexican-American border because it is figured to be is “more porous” than other borders. Americans want to believe that something as horrid as human trafficking cannot happen in their country, what they fail to recognize is, about 50,000 people are trafficking in the United States each year and most of them come from Asia or Latin America (Leuchtag 3). On that note, “United Nations lists Mexico as the number one source of trafficked children in North America” (“Human” 691). People don’t even realize that this problem occurs so much, or in their countries the only way to stop it is by informing them.
Many people do not acknowledge prostitution as a form of human trafficking, and it is also a business that is even worse for the prostitutes than it may already seem....
Cited: Hart, Joyce. Human Trafficking. New York, NY: Rosen Group, 2009. Print
“Human Trafficking” World at Risk: A Global Issues Source Book. 2nd Ed. Washington, DC: CQ Press, 2010 685-704. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 1 Jan 2012.
Leuchtag, Alive. “Human Rights, Sex Trafficking and Prostitution.” Humanist. Jan./Feb. 2003: 10-15 SIRS Issues Researcher Wbe. 12 Dec 2011.
Veenstra, Michelle. “Trafficking of Women.” Encyclopedia of Sex and Gender. Ed. Fedwan Malti-Douglas. Vol.4. Detroit:Macmillan Reference USA, 2007. 1472-1473. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 12 Dec. 2011.
Walker-Rodriguez, Amandahill, Rodney. “Human Sex Trafficking.” FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin 80.3 (@011): 1. Master FILE Premier. Web. 1 Dec 2011.
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