Human Trafficking in the United States
American Intercontinental University Online
November 12, 2012
Until recently, in the US, the thought never occurred that Americans were trafficking Americans. The purpose of this paper is to inform the audience about the crime of human trafficking that is happening in the US and also to persuade them to take a stand and help do something to combat this crime.
Thesis: Human trafficking in the United States seems to be overlooked and not taken very seriously. Close to 20,000 women and children are trafficked in the US yearly. There seems to be nothing that can be done about it. Most times the victims are never heard from or seen again leaving very little of their known existence behind. Many think that this only happens in foreign countries, but many have been rudely awakened. According to the US Department of State, human trafficking is any situation where one person “holds another person in compelled service” (2011). 2010 was the first year the US actually ranked itself in the Trafficking in Persons Report alongside other countries; this shows just how much this crime has been overlooked until recently. Hypothesis: If those in authority were properly trained on what human trafficking entails and also trained on how to spot the signs that shows a victim is being trafficked then federal, local, and state law enforcement would have a better chance at fighting human trafficking. Communities and sometimes even law enforcement officials are completely clueless as to what human trafficking really is. This, in turn, leads to the victims being criminalized and released right back into the hands of those criminals that are trafficking them. My working solution will evolve through continued research and analysis. Measurement and analysis approach:
* 27 million people worldwide in modern day slavery.
* The ILO (International Labor Organization) estimated that 2.4 million people were the victims of human slavery from 1995-2005. * 2005: 1 million children were the victim of human trafficking in the global sex trade worldwide. * 161 countries report being affected by the crime of human trafficking. a. 127 countries report that people are being trafficking from them and then being exploited in 137 countries. This affects every continent and every kind of economy. * Fear of the unknown and cultural taboos usually keep victims from speaking out. * People turning blind eyes and deaf ears to the obvious exploitation of men, women, and children will always be a big hurdle when dealing with human trafficking. * The sex trade, work servitude, sex slaves, prostitution, and kidnapping, all of these words have one thing in common: human trafficking. * According to U.S. Department of Education (2007), thousands of men, women, and children are trafficked to the United States for the purposes of sexual and labor exploitation. * Children as early 10 years old are often targeted by traffickers. a. Younger children are easier to target and they are often seen as being more vulnerable and easier to control. b. Traffickers are becoming so focused on their trade that they are no longer just targeting kids from urban areas. They are targeting kids from well to do family and neighborhoods as well. c. Sometimes the search for the child victim after they have been taken is non-stop. Other times the families lose hope and the police seem to lose concern after a while. * The law requires that a person has to be missing for 24 hours before the police will get involved or before you can file a missing person’s report. a. By that time, some victims have already been moved across state lines or away from familiar surroundings. b. This lessens the victim’s chances of being found. The victim is then scared and frightened into doing whatever the traffickers want. * Human trafficking, according to the US Department of State, is any situation where one...
References: Human Trafficking of Children in the United States (2006). US Department of Education. Retrieved from http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/osdfs/factsheet.html
Human Trafficking Statistics. (2007). Retrieved from http://www.cicatelli.org/titlex/downloadable/Human%20Trafficking%20Statistics.pdf
Kristof, Nicholas. (2007, April 22). The New York Times: The 21st Century Slave Trade. Retrieved from http://select.nytimes.com/2007/04/22/opinion/22kristof.html?ref=humantrafficking
Piotrowicz, Ryszard. (2008, June 20). International Journal of Refugee Law: The UNHCR’s Guidelines on human trafficking. Retrieved from http://ijrl.oxfordjournals.org/content/20/2/242.full
Todres, Jonathan, Law, Otherness, and Human Trafficking (March 18, 2009). Santa Clara Law Review, Vol. 49, No. 3, pp. 605-672, 2009; Georgia State University College of Law, Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2009-07. Retrieved from SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1362542
U.S. Department of State: What Is Trafficking in Persons? (2011). Retrieved from http://www.state.gov/j/tip/rls/tiprpt/2011/164220.htm
U.S. Government Accountability Office. (2006). Human Trafficking: Better Data, Strategy, and Reporting Needed to Enhance U.S. Anti-trafficking Efforts Abroad. Retrieved from http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-06-825
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