human science tok essay

Topics: Science, Scientific method, Social sciences Pages: 4 (1062 words) Published: January 11, 2014
TOK Human Sciences Essay:

When compared to the natural science, it is difficult to consider the human science scientific. Defend or refute this statement.

There have always been debates on whether human science is considered scientific, especially when it is compared to natural sciences. In order to answer this question, I should first define the terms – science, natural science and human science. I define science as a systematic enterprise that organizes knowledge in testable explanations and predictions that proves that a certain thing is true about the universe. Natural science can be defined as organized knowledge that are measured by quantitative data towards the natural world using scientific methods. Human science can be defined as the study of the society and the relationships between individuals. It is the study of a human being’s knowledge and its interrelationships with other species, studying human phenomenon. The essay will compare using two areas of knowing which are natural sciences and the human sciences and analyze using the three ways of knowing, Perception, Reasoning and Language.

Human science: no clear answer, quantitative, human error.
Main body:
‘If it's social it can't be scientific!" (J.D. Halloran (1998).1 If science is defined to have certain proof to support their statements, human sciences would not be considered a science because of its lack of proof to its theories; while natural sciences can be proven by experiments: by the ways of knowing like perception, reasoning, and language used in scientific reports.

We all heard the idiom, ‘Seeing is believing’. In the natural science, we can perceive by seeing in order to justify our beliefs. In chemistry, the reaction of phenolphthalein2 is a good example. Phenolphthalein’s original color is colorless, it remains colorless in acidic solutions and turns to pink in basic solutions, if the concentration of the indicator is particularly strong, it can appear...


Bandura, A., Ross, D. & Ross, S.A. (1961). Transmission of aggression through imitation of aggressive models.  Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 63, 575-82.
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