Human Resource Management for the Local Government: Measuring Its Impact on Organizational Performance

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Human Resource Management for the Local Government: Measuring its impact on Organizational Performance

Introduction:
Two types of government deliberate public services in Nepal: the central government and the local government. While the central government governs the sectoral ministries, departments and their regional and district offices, the local government supports the local governance. Nepal has a two-tier system of the local governance, with village and municipal bodies as the lower tier and district bodies as the higher. The village bodies are called Village Development Committees (VDCs) while municipalities serving the same function in town areas. The district bodies are the District Development Committees (DDCs). These are the front units of central government to deliver service to the people. There are 3913 VDCs, 58 Municipalities and 75 DDCs in Nepal. Each district has a district council, which serves the same role as Village Councils and Municipal Councils with an executive committee (Local Authority Fiscal Commission, 2000). The local government bodies in Nepal have critical roles in development, as they are only institutions which are relatively closed to people and operate based on the decentralized development approach.

Human Resource Management (HRM) is sometimes referred to as a "soft" management skill in an organization. An effective practice within an organization requires a strategic focus to ensure that human resources can facilitate the achievement of organizational goals. The effective human resource management also has an element of risk management for an organization which, as a minimum, ensures legislative compliance. Research in the area of HRM has much to contribute to the organizational strategy, practices and performance. For the last 20 years, empirical work has paid particular attention to the link between the practice of HRM and organizational performance manifested mainly in improved employee commitment,



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