Human resource management (HRM) is one of the important factors that are critical to organisation success. Without it, there can be no clear vision, and opportunity will be squandered. Without it, resources will be wasted, and a workforce's full potential will remain woefully untapped. Acquiring the right talent is the key to building a company's leadership pool. Therefore, this paper looks at the relevance of Human Resource Department in large organisations. The paper starts by defining key concepts, thereafter it will look at in detail the importance of Human Resource Department. The paper will also give a conclusion at the end. Definitions
According to Darby, R. (2000), departments are the entities organizations form to organize people, reporting relationships, and work in a way that best supports the accomplishment of the organization's goals. Departments are usually organized by functions such as human resources, marketing, administration, and sales. But, a department can be organized in any way that makes sense for the customer. Departments can also be organized by customer, by product, or by region of the world. The forward thinking human resource department is devoted to providing effective policies, procedures, and people-friendly guidelines and support within companies. Additionally, the human resource function serves to make sure that the company mission, vision, values or guiding principles, the company metrics, and the factors that keep the company guided toward success are optimized (ibid). Human resources can be defined as the set of individuals who make up the workforce of an organization, business sector, or economy. "Human capital" is sometimes used synonymously with human resources, although human capital typically refers to a more narrow view. Likewise, other terms sometimes used include "manpower", "talent", "labour", or simply "people" (op cit) On the other hand, human resource management is the part of the organization that is concerned with the “people” dimension (DeCenzo and Robbins, 1996). It is a staff, or support, junction in the organizations. Its role is to provide assistance in HRM matters to line employees, or those directly involved in producing the organization’s goods and services. Every organization is comprised of people; acquiring their services, developing their skills, motivating them to high levels of performance. And ensuring to maintain their commitment to the organization is essential to achieve organizational objectives. This is true, regardless of the type of organization; government, business, education, health, recreation, or social action. Getting and keeping good people is critical to the success of every organization. HRM is an approach consisting of four functions; staffing, training, development and motivation, and four activities; getting people, preparing them, stimulating them, and keeping them. Today, professionals in the human resource area are vital elements in the success of any organization. Role of Human Resource Department
According to Darby, R. (2000), the Human Resources Department (HR) provides overall policy direction on human resource management issues and administrative support functions related to the management of employees for all City departments. The mission of the department is to be a strategic partner by providing Human Resources programs that attract, develop, retain, and engage a skilled and diverse workforce. The vision is to be universally recognized for Human Resources excellence and as a premier employer. In addition to providing strategic central human resources functions, the Human Resources Department is responsible for administering the Health Benefits, Workers Compensation, and Long Term Disability programs. Further responsibilities include citywide coordination of the Combined Municipal Campaign program, the Employee Recognition program, temporary employee services, and publishing newsletters reporting City events,...
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