Human Growth and Development Theories

Topics: Developmental psychology, Erikson's stages of psychosocial development, Erik Erikson Pages: 2 (754 words) Published: August 7, 2011
Human growth and development has two separate meanings but are combined are talking about a dynamic process. Growth usually takes place the first twenty years, and development continues on really expands after a person turns twenty. In this paper we will discuss some theories surrounding these aspects. Growth development persist of bone development, size, height, weight, and the development and number of a person’s teeth. Growth rates vary with different times of a person’s life. The growth rate is rapid during the prenatal, neonatal, infancy and adolescent stages and slows during childhood rather than adulthood it is speculated that an adult does not grow anymore. According to Freud’s Psychosexual Development theory has five stages of development; the first stage is called Oral, which occurs from birth to 1 and half years of age and the mouth is the center of exploration because it is where the most senses of pleasure for the infant derives from. Most infants need something for security, and their major conflict or way to show discomfort is weaning. The second stage is called anal and occurs during the age of one and half to three years of age because of anus and bladder self control, which make the major conflict to be toilet training. The last three phases of development according to Freud is Phallic, Latency, and Genital. Which describes center of pleasure, sexual impulses repressed; and puberty onwards; directs energy towards full sexual maturity and function of skills to cope with the environment. Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development theory have eight stages of development. Erikson’s theories are infancy, early childhood, late childhood, school age, adolescence, young adulthood, adulthood, and maturity. Some of the central tasks are trust vs. mistrust, shame and doubt of self esteem, initiative vs. guilt, industry vs. inferiority, identity vs. role confusion, intimacy vs. isolation, generatively vs. stagnation, and integrity vs. despair. Some of the...
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