HUMAN FACTORS IN AVIATION

Topics: Air safety, Aviation accidents and incidents, Human factors Pages: 5 (1437 words) Published: September 27, 2014

Introduction
Above seventy percent of airline accidents get attributed to human error. This error has developed to become a vital worry in airline management and maintenance performances (Graeber, 2006). Where there is a human factor one, cannot avoid human error hence precautions should be taken to prevent accidents. Human Factor

Human factor involves information collection on human limitations and abilities, and application of the information to machines, tools, tasks, system, environment and jobs to generate effective, comfortable and safe human usage (Graeber, 2006). Human factors in aviation emphasize on integrating themselves with the latest technology. This knowledge then gets transformed into policies, training, design, and procedures in the effort to better the performance of the human factor. Aviation is doubtfully a highly dangerous and unforgiving work environment. The so far represented weakest joint among the equipment edge is the human factor. As used in aviation, human factors envelop system analysis, control, design, automation, human capabilities, skill acquisition, processing of information, plus crew work load, display, and interaction of human and machines. It further covers the environmental factors, psychological, accident prevention and physiological influence. According to the study of NTSB, Human factors also checks on the age of the pilots. The elderly above 50 years have a record of more air accidents than the young. This is so following the reduction of memory capacity (Graeber, 2006). Fatigue represents a significant physiological factor making one to give a slow reply to an effect. One can get fatigued from different factors including; overwork, stress, less sleep, and personal problems. The state of the body affects ones capability to comprehend the surroundings plus the entire conditions of a flight. The crushing of Air flight 1008 belonging to Dan Air crashed in 1980 at Mt. La Esperanza represents a brilliant example caused by human factor. Human negligence solely caused this accident. The pilot executed wrongful a pattern which was unpublished in a surrounding of quite high land. The casualties counted to 146 on board. This remains one of the most destructive aircraft accidents in Britain (Fly baby accident reports, 2007).

Psychological Versus Physiological Factors
Factors that contribute into the human error several ends like diverted attention, poor judgment, in adequate preparation. Sometimes the pilot enters into a dilemma struggling to correct the situation, because enough training was not given. The flight crews require being attentive to details and all the required instructions. Other psychological factors involved in regard to aviation safety include; experience, knowledge, attitude, emotional state and training. Despite the speedy changes in technology, the responsibility, to keep safe aviation industry gets best held on humans. As a result, human have to remain flexible, efficient, knowledgeable, and dedicated with sound judgment. The industry can hardly rely on experience in guiding human performance decisions. Consequently, such organizations are investing heavily on training, design and procedures (Leland, 2007). The other factors that cannot be ignored include the weather and other personnel like the maintenance team, traffic control team, and flight crew. Unsound judgment forms a factor involving the focus on single issues when many others lie unattended. For example, a pilot can get much distracted by a faulty landing gear to extent of running out of energy without noticing. The experienced pilots also have a possibility of falling victims of getting diverted. One can take keen of a faulty system forgetting other factors like wires, resulting to wire strike. Another error can arise when the pilot interprets the problem differently or wrongly, leading to incorrect decision. Alternatively, one can interpret the problem right, but the wrong solution get taken...


References: Fly baby accident reports. (2007). Obtained 12/10/2012, from
http://www.bowersflybaby.com/safety/accid.htm.
Graeber, C. (2006). Human factors engineering: aviation. Boeing commercial airplanes group.
Obtained 12/10/2012, from http://www.boeing.com/commercial/aeromagazine/aero.
Human factors and aviation safety. (2007). Obtained 12/10/2012, from
http://www.wcupa.edu/academics/schcas.psy/career path/aviation/subfield2.htm
Human factors in fatal accidents. (2006). Obtained 12/10/2012, from
http://www.narcap.org/humanfactorsinfatalaircraftaccidents.pdf
Leland, D. (2007). Night Flights and aviation Accidents. Oxford: Oxford Press.
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