HUMAN FACTORS ENGINEERING
Human Factors Engineering
Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University
Human factors in Aviation
This paper discusses Human Factors Engineering involved in the evolution of Airline Aviation. A detailed description of the basic fundamentals and characteristic of human factors and its impact on the airline industry is needed in order to understand its influence. Human factors in the airline industry are a concept that has been studied since its inception of Flight. Man made inventions are always subject to some type of human related failure, powered flight is no exception. History indicates that human factors engineering concerns were normally addressed too late, contributing significantly to the well known “automation problem” in commercial aviation. Human factors engineering provides the opportunity to; develop or improve all human interfaces with the system; optimize human / product performance during system operation, maintenance, and support; and make economical decisions on personnel resources, skills, training, and costs. TIGHTEN UP THIS
Since the inception of the aviation era, human factors engineering has become increasingly complicated concept to master due to the introduction of new inventions and the advancement of new technologies allowing aircraft to fly farther and faster more efficiently than ever before. Human Factor in Engineering is the application of human performance principles, models, measurements, and techniques to systems design. To utilize the goal of human engineering is to make as perfect as possible systems performance by taking into consideration during design the physical and cognitive capabilities and limitations of the human aspect. With greater workloads forced on pilots as fleets modernize, the reality of exceeding the workload limit has become apparent. Human factors are human physical, cognitive, or social properties that interact in a crucial or unsafe manner with technological systems; the natural human environment, and organizations, and can be taken under consideration in the design of ergonomic of the oriented equipment to alleviate these workloads. The science of Human factors engineering is a corrective field incorporating contributions from psychology, engineering, industrial design, statistics, operations research. Despite rapid gains in technology, humans are ultimately responsible for ensuring the success and safety of the aviation industry and human factors engineering plays a significant part in it’s success. The identification of human factors usually depends on possible negative or positive impact on the functioning of liveware-liveware and liveware-hardware. The changeable nature of the Human Factor in Engineering is a continual pursuit of perfection. Many factors are involved in the creation of the human factor of engineering. The heavy investing by the Airline industry in training, equipment, and systems that have long-term implications has definite long lasting effects on the Human Factors of Engineering. Because technology continues to evolve faster than the ability to predict how humans will interact with it, the industry can no longer depend as much on experience and intuition to guide decisions related to human performance. There are many major areas for human factors engineering effort, they include but are not limited to: Human Factors Data, System Analysis, Test and Evaluation System Design, Operation and Skills Analysis, Maintenance Task and Skill Analysis. Improving human performance can help the industry reduce the commercial aviation accident rate; much of the focus is on designing human to airplane interfaces and developing procedures for both flight crews and maintenance technicians to better enhance proficiency. Human factors data is one of the major areas needed in the Human Factors Engineering Effort. One major Airline industry that is...
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