Human Development Theorist Worksheet

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Theorists Worksheet

Research the following theorists.

Add three more prominent human-development theorists in the open rows.

Describe each theorist’s ideas regarding the topics below (if applicable) using complete sentences.

Theorist Physical development Cognitive development Language development Social and emotional development Moral development
Piaget Believed that children physical development was enhanced by physical exploration surrounded by them. Children cognitive development is based on 4 stages:
Sensorimotor. Birth through ages 18-24 months
Preoperational. Toddlerhood (18-24 months) through early childhood (age 7)
Concrete operational. Ages 7 to 12
Formal operational. Adolescence through adulthood Language
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For an individual to master a behavior, him or her must repeat the behavior hat him or her is trying to learn. Argued that people learn from one another by observation, imitation, ad modeling. Also believed environment factors can causes certain behaviors and vice versa. Argued children moral development comes from a more indirect process such as observational learning.
Freud Argued how children go through various sexual development sage such as: Oral, Anal, Phallic, Latency, and Genital. Believed that personality developed though a series of childhood stages. Also mentioned how children development personality by the age of 5. Argued behavior is controlled by unconscious urges consisting of 3 components of the mind: the id, ego, and superego. Freud believed that children felt no guilt until they reached their Superego stage. (age 5-7)
Erikson Children psychosocial development can be impacted by external factors such as family and many personalities in society. Believed
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Believes that there is a connection between people and sociocultural.
Also believe that individuals gain tools such as writing and speech from their cultures which play a role in their social interaction. Believed parents, guardians and peers can make an impact on a child moral development.
Bronfenbrenner Believed in ecological systems theory. The theory explain how everything in a child's environment affects how a child grows and develops. A child’s environment influences a child’s development throught these 3 systems:
Microsystem
Mesosystem
Exosystem
Kohlberg His theoretical emphasis is on how one decides to respond to a moral dilemma, not what one decides or what one does. He formed 6 stages in which he shortens in 3 general levels of moral development and they are the following: Preconventional level, Conventional level and Postconventional/ Principled level.
Eisenberg Believed that children could reason in more than one ways and level.
Aronfeed Children gain their understanding of morality through a form of social conditioning.

Note. Not every theorist contributed to each area of human development, so you will not be able to fill in every

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