HUMAN DEVELOPMENT, FAMILY AND SOCIETY
Author: S.Aswathi – I MBA SSM School of Management, Komarapalayam. Co-Author: A.Pravinth – I MBA SSM School of Management, Komarapalayam. ABSTRACT
This paper gives an overview of Human development, family and society from three angles via., biology, psychology and humanity. In biological terms, this entails growth from a one-celled zygote to an adult human being. Whereas in terms of psychology, it refers to the gradual accumulation of knowledge and is the scientific study of changes that occur in life of human beings. In terms of humanity, it involves studies of the human condition with its core being the capability approach, which therefore needs both the resources and ability to use them. There are six basic pillars of human development: equity, sustainability, productivity, empowerment, cooperation and security. Human development can be measured by Human Development Index (HDI). India, one among the “Medium Human Developing” countries, rank 136 in the report of 2012 HDI ranking. The Human Development Index (HDI) is a comparative measure of life expectancy, literacy, education, standards of living, and quality of life for countries worldwide. It is a standard means of measuring well-being, especially child welfare. Hence human development in being influenced by family and society in each stage. Another angle of human development is Sustainable Human Development: Triple Bottom line ecology-economy-social can be translated to human dimensions. This paper discusses the comparison of HDI of various countries with India and it explains the role of family and society in human development. Keywords: Human Development Index (HDI), Life expectancy
Quite often, when one reads a text on economic, social, or human development, one stumbles across a ‘‘list’’ or array or set of items that the author has written down as ingredients of the quality of life or as basic human needs, elements of the utility vector, aspects of wellbeing, or universal human values. The list may have been jotted swiftly or it may have grown reflectively, in long silent evenings or penetrating empirical analysis. It may trail off with ‘‘etcetera’’ 1 or it may try to be complete. 2 It may be offered as ‘‘one person’s opinion’’ of what may be ‘‘universally’’ true, 3 or it may be used, revised, and offered as a best (to date) attempt at a general account. 4 Its elements may be extremely vague 5 or quite specific. 6 It may have direct economic 7 or political implications. 8 It may be supported by appeal to philosophical argument, literary example, qualitative or quantitative evidence, broad consensus, or common sense. BIOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT
Human development is the process of growing to maturity. In biological terms, this entails growth from a one-celled zygote to an adult human being. Developmental biology is the study of the process by which organisms grow and develop, and is closely related to Ontogeny. Modern developmental biology studies the genetic control of cell growth, differentiation and morphogenesis, which is the process that gives rise to tissues, organs and anatomy, but also regeneration and aging. The development of a new life is a spectacular process and represents a masterpiece of temporal and spatial control of gene expression. DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
Developmental psychology is the scientific study of changes that occur in human beings over the course of their life. Originally concerned with infants and children, the field has expanded to include adolescence, adult development, aging, and the entire lifespan. This field examines change across a broad range of topics including motor skills and other psycho-physiological processes; cognitive development involving areas such as problem solving, moral understanding, and conceptual understanding; language acquisition; social, personality, and emotional development; and self-concept and identity formation. Developmental psychology examines...
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