Human Development

Factors Governing
Development
THIS WILL TALK ABOUT THE EDUCATION AND CULTURE WHICH ARE THE
FACTORS THAT GOVERNS DEVELOPMENT

What is Child Development?


Child development is a process every child goes through. This process involves learning and mastering skills like sitting, walking, talking, skipping, and tying shoes. There are 5 main areas of development: Cognitive Development
Speech and Language Development
Social and Emotional Development
Gross Motor Skill Development
Fine Motor Skill Development

Development Delay


Development delay is where a child has not learnt the skills that are expected at that time point. Development delay can occur in any of the 5 areas.



For example, a child would be expected to walk between 9 and 15 months, and a child that cannot walk by 20 months would be considered to have a developmental delay.

What causes developmental delay?


Biological- such as genetic or chromosomal abnormalities
(Downs Syndrome) or illness and disease



Social- such as a child’s life experiences or exposure to harmful chemicals or parenting

Mind Map
Disability

Culture

Genotype and Maturation

BIOLOGICAL

Parenting
/parenting
styles
Factors
affecting development Approval/ interactions SOCIAL
Education

Housing
Social
Class

Disease and illness

NATURE/NURTURE
DEBATE

Factors that Governs Development:
Education


Education affects children’s physical, emotional intellectual and social development.



Children benefit from larger play spaces and better equipment. This improves coordination and gross motor skills



Children learn to mix and socialise with other children



Staff are trained to promote cognitive development, introducing concepts like numbers and shape



Fine motor skills can be developed through playing with dough, paint and by writing



Can promote self-confidence and esteem



Esteem is linked to a positive education experience: where children are unhappy because they have not made friends, been bullied or are

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