Human Development

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The Open Polytechnic of New Zealand

Trimester 1, 2012

73198 Human Development Final Examination
Time allowed
Three hours, plus 10 minutes to read this paper.

Section A Answer all of the 30 multiple-choice questions on the answer sheet provided at the back of this paper. Attach this answer sheet to your examination booklet securely. Answer any 14 of the 18 short answer questions.

Section B

Mark Allocation
Topic Section A Section B Multiple choice questions (all 30 questions) Short answer questions (any 14 of 18 questions) Marks 30 70 Total 100

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Section A: Multiple-choice questions
Complete all 30 multiple-choice questions. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers each question. Use the attached multiple-choice answer sheet to record your answers (see Appendix 1). This section is worth 30 marks (1 mark for each question). Time guide: Spend approximately 1 hour on this section. 1. The traditional and life-span perspectives are contrasting views of developmental change. According to the life-span perspective, when do developmental changes occur?
A B C D During infancy and early childhood During adolescence and early adulthood During middle and late adulthood Throughout the entire life cycle


By age 50, many people need reading glasses or bifocals to improve their vision. This physiological change is a good example of a:
A B C D Nonnormative life event Multidirectional influence on development Normative age-graded influence on development Nonnormative age-graded influence on development


If people today decide to marry and raise children, they do so later in life. In the 1950s, it was common for people to marry and have children before they were 20 years old. This difference is an example of a:
A B C D Cohort-graded influence on development History-graded influence on development Multidimensional change in the context of

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