Human Cloning, is it Ethical?
Heaven L Collins
Bryant & Stratton College
Eng101: Research and Writing
December 15, 2015
Human Cloning, is it Ethical?
Some people wonder what it would be like to have a second one of them. In order to have a copy of someone human cloning would have to take place. Cloning means to produce a genetically identical copy of an individual. There are many questions and concerns that arise when it comes to cloning, and one big question is, is it ethical? How Cloning is done?
When cloning an individual a scientist would take that individuals DNA from a skin cell, put their DNA into a woman’s egg, where the DNA has been removed. Then a zap of electricity would make the egg divide and after a few days there would be an embryo identical to that individual (2002, Human Cloning). There are
It is argued that human cloning should be permitted because of one of the most fundamental elements of personal freedom, the right to reproductive freedom. Individuals have the right to reproduce as they choose as long as they do not violate other right or moral injunctions. Dan Brock, a philosopher, defines the right to reproductive freedom as: A right to reproductive freedom is properly under-stood to include the right to use various assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs), such as in vitro fertilization (IVF), oocyte donation, and so forth. (2010, Havsted) There are two ways to make an exact genetic copy of an organism, artificial embryo twinning and somatic cell nuclear transfer. Artificial embryo twinning happens when a very early embryo is separated into their own cells, they divide and develop in a Petri dish. Since they are from the same egg they are identical. Somatic cell nuclear transfer is where they take any cell in the body, then they remove the nucleus and all its DNA from an egg cell, the nucleus is then transferred from the somatic cell to the egg cell. There are then a couple chemical things done and it starts acting like a new fertilized egg. Once developed into an embryo its implanted into the mother and carried to term. Benefits
Scientists hope that human stem cells will open up new ways of treating incurable conditions. Right now stem cells are taken from human embryos a few days after fertilization. Some people just think of an early embryo as just a ball of cells with no human characteristics, which makes medical research ok. Human cloning is a solution to infertility problems. If there is a woman who cannot conceive their own child they can have a cloned embryo implanted into her body. Many infertile couples hang on to the hope to have a child that has their DNA. There are many genetic illnesses and as people continually reproduce their DNA lines continue to receive damage, but with cloning of healthy cells this could end. There is also a benefit of regenerative medicine. A person with a physical problem or disability can have a clone of themselves made so that the stem cells from the embryo could be used to regenerate their own tissues, body parts, organs and so much more. It can be used to grow organs or repair damaged tissues and provide a cure for diseases that do not currently have a cure and affect millions of people annually. Organs can also be cloned for transplants, mostly livers kidneys and even bone marrow. If bone marrow is cloned it could lead to a cause for cancer. Right now cloning organs for transplants is potentially the biggest benefit in the medical field. If a person were to get into an accident and need a transplant there would be one for them because of cloning of their owns cells. Also their recovery time would be faster. Risks
Although there are many benefits to cloning, there are also many risks. When it comes to human cloning there is a loss of gene diversity. When there is a loss of gene diversity, natural gene mutations that help species survive new viruses are lost, a new virus could wipe out an entire group of clones. In 1996, Dolly...
References: Havstad, J. (2010). Human Reproductive Cloning: A Conflict of Liberties. Bioethics, (2). Retrieved December 7, 2014, from Bryant & Stratton Virtual Library.
Herper, M. (2001, November 26). Cloning 's High Cost. Retrieved December 12, 2014, from http://www.forbes.com/2001/11/26/1126cloning.html
Human cloning. (2002). Retrieved December 8, 2014, from http://www.bionetonline.org/English/Content/sc_cont4.htm
Oderberg, D. (2005). Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research: What 's Wrong with It? Human Life Review, 30(1), 21-33. Retrieved December 5, 2014, from Bryant & Stratton Virtual Library.
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