Human Anatomy and Physiology

Topics: Bone, Skeletal system, Bone marrow Pages: 7 (1270 words) Published: October 17, 2014
Shier, Butler, and Lewis: Hole’s Human Anatomy and Physiology, 13th ed. Chapter 7: Skeletal System

Chapter 7: Skeletal System

I. Introduction
(Outcome 7.1.1) 1. Bones include active, living tissues: _____________________ __________________________________________________________________ (Outcome 7.1.2) 2. Bones: support and protect _________________, provide points of __________________________, house _________________, and store _____________________. (Outcome 7.1.3) 1. The four classes of bone according to shape are

.
(Outcome 7.1.3) 2. Examples of long bones are
.
(Outcome 7.1.3) 3. Short bones are shaped like. (Outcome 7.1.3) 4. Examples of short bones are. (Outcome 7.1.3) 5. Flat bones are structures.
(Outcome 7.1.3) 6. Examples of flat bones are.
(Outcome 7.1.3) 7. Irregular bones have a variety of. (Outcome 7.1.3) 8. Examples of irregular bones are. (Outcome 7.1.3) 9. Round bones are also called. (Outcome 7.1.3) 10. Sesamoid bones are __________ and __________ and embedded within __________________________________________________________________. (Outcome 7.1.3) 11. An example of a sesamoid bone is the.

II. Bone Structure
A. Parts of a Long Bone
(Outcome 7.2.4) 1. An expanded end of a long bone is called an. (Outcome 7.2.4) 2. An epiphysis articulates with.
(Outcome 7.2.4) 3. Articular cartilage is located.
(Outcome 7.2.4) 4. The shaft of a long bone is called a.
(Outcome 7.2.4) 5. The _________________________ is the widening part of the bone between the diaphysis and the epiphysis. (Outcome 7.2.4) 6. Periosteum is.
(Outcome 7.2.4) 7. Periosteum functions to.
(Outcome 7.2.4) 8. Processes provide sites for.
(Outcome 7.2.4) 9. The wall of the diaphysis is composed ofbone. (Outcome 7.2.4) 10. Compact bone has.
(Outcome 7.2.4) 11. The epiphyses are largely composed ofbone. (Outcome 7.2.4) 12. Spongy bone consists of bony plates called. (Outcome 7.2.4) 13. A bone usually has .
(Outcome 7.2.4) 14. A semi-rigid tube with a hollow chamber called____________________runs through the diaphysis. (Outcome 7.2.4) 15. Endosteum lines.
(Outcome 7.2.4) 16. Endosteum containscells.
(Outcome 7.2.4) 17. The tissue that fills the spaces of bone is called. (Outcome 7.2.4) 18. The two forms of marrow are.
B. Microscopic Structure
1. Introduction
(Outcome 7.2.4) a. Bone cells are called.
(Outcome 7.2.4) b. Lacunae are.
(Outcome 7.2.4) c. Lacunae form
around.
(Outcome 7.2.4) d. Osteoctyes transport.
(Outcome 7.2.4) e. Cellular processes of osteocytes pass through. (Outcome 7.2.4) f. The extracellular matrix of bone is composed of
.
2. Compact Bones
(Outcome 7.2.4) a. An osteon is.
(Outcome 7.2.4) b. The substance of compact bone is formed from
.
(Outcome 7.2.4) c. Each central canal contains.
(Outcome 7.2.4) d. Perforating canals connect.
(Outcome 7.2.4) e. Perforating canals contain.
3. Spongy Bone
(Outcome 7.2.4) a. Spongy bone is also composed of
and.
(Outcome 7.2.4) b. Unlike compact bone, the bone cells do not
.
(Outcome 7.2.4) c. Instead the cells lie within.
(Outcome 7.2.4) d. Osteocytes get nutrients from
.
III. Bone Development and Growth
A. Introduction
(Outcome 7.3.5) 1. Parts of the skeleton begin to form.
(Outcome 7.3.5) 2. Bony structures continue to grow until. (Outcome 7.3.5) 3. Bones form by replacing.
(Outcome 7.3.5) 4. Intramembranous bones originate within. (Outcome 7.3.5) 5. Endochondral bones originate.
B. Intramembranous Bones
(Outcome 7.3.5) 1. Examples of intramembranous bones are.
(Outcome 7.3.5) 2. Osteogenesis is.
(Outcome 7.3.5) 3. During their development,
appear at the sites of their future bones.
(Outcome 7.3.5) 4. supply the connective tissue...
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