Hum 130 Final Paper Rough Draft

Topics: Christianity, Catholic Church, Roman Catholic Church Pages: 5 (2039 words) Published: May 28, 2009

The Catholic Religion
Karen Paterno
Axia of University of Phoenix

The Catholic Religion
The Catholic religion is very different from my Pentecostal religion. I have never really understood this religion until I did some research on it. I found that the word Catholic (katholios from katholu – meaning ‘throughout the whole, universal’) occurs in the Greek classics, e.g., in Aristotle and Polybius, and was freely used by the earlier catholic writers ( In a letter written 110 years ago, was the origins of the Catholic Church. Some words from the letter are as follows: Where so ever the bishop shall appear, there let the people be, even as where Jesus may be, there is the universal [Katholike] Church ( After reviewing the context there was a difference of opinion as to the precise connotation of the italicized word. The Protestant professor of theology, at Giessen, is ready to interpret the earlier appearance of the phrase in the sense of Mia Mone, the “one and only” Church [Das apostolicshe Symbolum (1900), II, 922] ( The word Catholic was not added to the creed in the Middle West until the fourth century, yet the word “holy Church” was added early on. In comparison to the Catholic religion, the Lutheran reformation is based on the Bible. The central teaching is through faith in God alone. The Catholic’s believe that the church was founded from the Apostle Peter. Jesus’ famous statement to Peter, “You are Peter, and on this rock I will build My church,” is what lead the Catholic’s to believe this. They believe the authority is passed down from Peter to the bishops of the church. Lutherans do not believe that the Pope has any authority and do not think of him as the divine authority ( Both religions do agree that Christ’s blood and body are present in the Lord’s Supper. In order to get my interview, I called the St Josephs Catholic Church in Mayer, Arizona. It took me a few days to actually get a hold of someone there, yet when I did they were willing to help me. I had many questions for the man that answered the phone. This man’s name was Peter and my interview is as follows: Do you think that Catholicism is the one true religion? Peter stated that “If you look at the word catholic with a small ‘c’ then it is universal, but if you look at it with a big ‘C’ then it is one of many true churches. I also believe that Jesus Christ being the son of God and savior of man is one thing that should be preached.” Why do you obey the Pope? He stated that “Jesus made St. Peter the first leader of the Church. St. Peter is made the head of the Church so God wants everyone to follow the leader. God built his foundation on the leader, which would be St. Peter.” What are the seven sacraments in the catholic religion? Peter informed me that “The sacraments are special occasions for being saved by God. They are baptism, confirmation, confession, matrimony, holy orders, anointing of the sick, and the Holy Communion. Learning about them will help a person follow them more easily.” Why do you pray to idols (statues)? “We pray to the statues because they are righteous men, women, and saints. If we honor war heroes with monuments and statues to remember them forever, then why shouldn’t we do the same for the saints? The statues are made from the belief of what the saints, angels, and people from the Lords day. They were close to the Lord and this makes me feel close to him also. We have statues outside the church to symbolize our faith in the Lord.” Are tarot cards against the religion? “Yes, Karen they are not practiced. Tarot cards and occults are not good for a person. They should be thrown away and not used.” Why do you confess your sins to a priest? “Jesus gave his disciples, which includes priests, the power to “loose and bind” sins. The priest represents Jesus, so if you confess to a priest it...

References: Catholicism History/Beliefs of Catholic Religion/The Catholic Church.
Retrieved May 24, 2009 from,
Similarities and Differences Between The Lutheran and Roman Catholic Churches.
Retrieved May 24, 2009 from,
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