HST 101 final paper

Topics: Slavery, Atlantic slave trade, African slave trade Pages: 8 (1934 words) Published: December 4, 2014
Ana Mendoza
Due: 11/25/14
HST 101H
Prof. Calabrese
Final Paper
Slavery has existed since the beginning of time. Slavery was a system put in place that allowed people to be treated property. In most cases, slaves could be bought and sold. People would acquire slaves through capture, purchase, or birth. All slaves were denied the right to leave, refuse work, or any type of payment for their labor. Slavery was a horrible institution, whose purpose was to serve as an economic system and display status throughout Western history.

The ancient Greek Civilization is famously known for their architecture, philosophical thinkers, mythology, and their knowledge of astronomy. Even with all of this Greece had slaves among their civilization. Strabo, an ancient Greek geographer, philosopher, and historian, wrote about the temple of Aphrodite at Corinth. He mentions that “…[Aphrodite’s Temple] was so rich that it owned more than a thousand temple slaves…” If you had a lot of slaves, as this temple did, it meant that you were rich and had power [Greek Slavery]. Ancient Greece believed in mythology, Aristotle spoke of this in 330BCE. The gods are different from a normal human being, which is what makes them gods. They can fly and they posses powers. Physically they are very strong. Men are just men. To the eye, there is nothing physically that separates slaves from their owners. What makes them slaves is that it was decided that the inferior should serve their superiors due to economic status [Greek Slavery]. When the Roman Empire flourished in culture and wealth, what began to lack was humanity. The wealthy Romans owned slaves, whose jobs were mostly manual labor. When estates were small treatment of slaves seemed to be in some ways tolerable. As farms grew larger, masters changed their views on treatment of slaves. The approach became more brutal and impersonal. Without slaves on farms the upper class would not be able to make their money. The upper class would have to do the work themselves or loose everything [Slavery in the Roman Republic]. Slaves were essentially the tools to the Romans upper classes’ wealth. In, Slavery in the Roman Republic, Platus introduces his play. The final scene of his play is, The Last Great Slave Revolt, in 73 BC. The slaves from the richest estates form Southern Italy were going to fight against the government. Ideally, the slaves would of won and got their freedom. But, the slaves do not understand their importance to their masters. They are the cheapest form of labor and the reason they are so wealthy. A slave revolt scares the people of Italy, so, masters began to treat slaves with more mercy then before [Slavery in the Roman Republic]. Treatment of slaves was possibly the absolute worst in the slave trade between African and European slave traders. The New World needed inexpensive labor in large amounts for their sugar cane, tobacco, and cotton crops. The New World crops aided Western markets. By the mid-18th century there were 80,000 African slaves being transported to the New World, annually. The slave business had become super lucrative. A slave bought in Africa at fourteen pounds of bartered goods would be bought for more then three times the amount in the American market. Concluding that, a slave that is worth forty-five pounds could only be bought by the wealthy. To all the plantation owners in the New World owning slaves just made them wealthier and more powerful. When these wealthy people went to buy their slaves, they did not see people they saw property. When these men came off of the boats they were cleaned and oiled with palm oil. These men were propped up as if they were shiny new cars for sale. The wealthy purchasers looked for specific characteristics to assure it would be a rewarding purchase. Some of these characteristics were, age, state of health, and deformities. Things such as, bad eyes or teeth, lame or week joints, a distorted or slender back, narrow in the...
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