Part B: Application of Schools of Thought to Social Challenges/Issues
Individuals not reaching their full potential:
Humanist school of thought wants to find ways to empower individuals in recovery, therapy, or learning processes to reach full potential. And humanist psychologists research to understand their client as a whole. Humanist psychologist Abraham Maslow has brought up an idea of Hierarchy of Needs, which explains that basic needs must be fulfilled before higherorder needs become important. And selfactualization, which can be defined as one achieving one’s full potential, is the highest level of it. So in order to help one reach his/her full potential, lowerlevel needs such as esteem needs, belongingness and love needs, safety needs and physiological needs should be meet first. Also, another humanist psychologist Carl Rogers has brought up the clientcentred model, which believes in the clients can understand themselves better if they are in a nonthreatening environment. Because they play an active role during that process, so that they are not only gain greater insight but also gain selfacceptance. This can also help one to reach his/her full potential if they know themselves more clearly.
Behaviourism can also help with this issue. Behaviourism studies the prediction and control of behaviour, behaviourist psychologists use evidence gained through experiments to understand and change behaviours. They use classical conditioning method or operant conditioning method through their experiments. In order to help one to reach his/her full potential, behaviourist psychologists can use operant conditioning, they can set a reward to stimulate the clients(positive reinforcement), so the clients are more likely to reach their full potential since they are motivated. Also, because operant conditioning is usually voluntary, the client play an active role in the process, that could also push the