Hps326 Assignment Questionnaire

Topics: Science, Scientific method, History of science Pages: 3 (928 words) Published: March 20, 2013
HPS326 Assignment Questionnaire Questions 1-5 (8% per question) 1. William Whewell coined the term “scientist” in the year 1833. 2. The conflict myth was proposed by John Draper and Andrew Dickson on the relationship between science and religion. They termed the relationship as a mutual antagonism whose history was a conflict between the rationality of science opposed by the ignorance of religion. Two versions of this myth exist; the strong and the weak. The strong version states that the inherent differences of science and religion have eclipsed through history as science is represented with a need to rival against religion, making conflict unavoidable. The weak version claims this conflict is haphazard and is purely based on historical fact. 3. The historiographical distinction between 'modern science' and 'natural philosophy' is that natural philosophy can be seen as a precursor of natural sciences (i.e physics etc.). Natural philosophy is an entity that can explain properties that can not necessarily be verified, classified or quantified. On the other hand, modern science is a development, divisional field of natural philosophy. It relies on the scientific experimentation for the growth of knowledge and advances in society and technology. 4. The 'Merton Thesis', proposed by Robert Merton, states that the rise of science is linked to the values of Puritanism. It verifies the idea's of Francis Bacon as being inspired by the puritan 'work ethic' which is accounted for by the volume of Puritans in the Royal Society. 5. According to Margaret Osler, in the 20th century, the conflict myth's support was attributable to; the positivism of Auguste Compte, and secularization of North American universities. In Compte's positivist philosophy, he founded numerous principles in which he claimed direct observation is the only way assertions can be established. This influenced numerous historians when they looked upon the history of science and religion as they rejected all...
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