How to Prepare Research Proposal

Topics: Scientific method, Research, Hypothesis Pages: 7 (1804 words) Published: February 21, 2013

How to Write a Research Proposal:
A Formal Template for Preparing a Proposal for Research Methods Insert Name Here
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The abstract is a brief summary of the entire proposal, typically ranging from 150 to 250 words. It is different from a thesis statement in that the abstract summarizes the entire proposal, not just mentioning the study’s purpose or hypothesis. Therefore, the abstract should outline the proposal’s major headings: the research question, theoretical framework, research design, sampling method, instrumentation, and data and analysis procedures. A good abstract accurately reflects the content of the proposal, while at the same time being coherent, readable, and concise. Do not add any information in the abstract that is not previously discussed throughout the proposal. Notice this paragraph is not indented; the abstract will be the only paragraph in the entire proposal that is not indented. Because it highlights the entire proposal, it would be wise to wait and write the abstract last. This way, one merely has to reword information that was previously written.



How to Write a Research Proposal:
A Formal Template for Preparing a Proposal for Research Methods When social scientists desire to conduct an experiment, they first develop a proposal. A proposal introduces the problem, purpose, and significance of a study as well as the experimenter’s research question and hypothesis. It also gives a brief explanation of the theory guiding the study, a review of relevant literature pertaining to the theory, and the procedure for the experiment. The proposal should be written in American Psychological Association (APA) format. Without an elaborate Introduction, the experimenter will leave his or her readers wondering what exactly the purpose of the experiment is. The introduction explains in detail several components of the experiment that must be included in any proposal. After reading the Introduction, the reader should conclude why the experimenter is conducting the research and how this research will affect the academic community and society at large. For this paragraph in particular, it is sufficient to grab the reader’s attention, introduce the topic at hand, and provide a brief definition of the theory from which the study is based. Statement of the Problem

The “Statement of the Problem” is an imperative part of the proposal, for in order for research to be conducted, one must notice a problem in the existing literature that has not been previously addressed. For this section, the following questions should be answered: Why does this research study need to be conducted? What specific issues does this study raise that have not been observed in other literature pertaining to the topic? Answering these questions will allow readers to understand why this particular study is important and how the study will attempt to answer new, never-before asked questions.



Purpose of the Study
It is appropriate include a sentence saying “The purpose of this study is…” under this section. Clearly identify the goal of the study in one precise sentence. For example, the sentence could look like this: “the purpose of this study is to determine whether the decision of firstsemester male students to live with or reject living with their roommates is related to whether their roommates affirm their self-views or not.” Why is this an important area of study? Answer this question under this section. Also, identify the unit of analysis or specific inquiry used. Examples of different units of analysis include self-report surveys, observational studies, etc. Research Question/Hypothesis

Research questions ask what relationships exist between the different variables in the study, while the hypothesis predicts the...

References: Pajares, F. (2007). Elements of a proposal. Emory University. Retrieved from
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