DEFINITION OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE
English is a West Germanic language spoken originally in England, and is now the most widely used language in the world. There are main four important components in this language. The components of English language are phonology (sounds), morphology (word structure), syntax (sentence structure) and semantics (meaning).
The essence of English language is simplicity. Simplicity in writing, reading and speaking is the most required element for proper conveyance of messages. The higher the English learning becomes, the more we will learn to use coherent language that gives clarity to even complicated thoughts.
Because English is so widely spoken, it has often been referred to as a "world language", the lingua franca of the modern era, and while it is not an official language in most countries, it is currently the language most often taught as a foreign language. Some linguists believe that it is no longer the exclusive cultural property of "native English speakers", but is rather a language that is absorbing aspects of cultures worldwide as it continues to grow.
HISTORY OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE
English is a West Germanic language spoken originally in England, and is now the most widely used language in the world. It is spoken as a first language by a majority of the inhabitants of several nations, including the united kingdom, the united states, Canada, Australia, Ireland and New Zealand. It is the third most common native language in the world, after mandarin Chinese and Spanish, and the most commonly used as a second language; its total number of speakers – counting both native and non-native – exceeds those of any other language. English is an official language of the European union, many commonwealth countries and united nations, as well as in many world organisations.
English arose in the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of England and what is now south-east Scotland, but was then under the control of the kingdom of Northumbria. Following the extensive influence of great Britain and the united kingdom from the 18th century, via the British empire, and of the united states since the mid-20th century, it has been widely dispersed around the world, becoming the leading language of international discourse and the lingua franca in many regions.
Historically, English originated from the fusion of closely related dialects, now collectively termed old English, which were brought to the eastern coast of great Britain by Germanic (Anglo-Saxon) settlers by the 5th century – with the word English being derived from the name of the angles, and ultimately from their ancestral region of Angeln (in what is now Schleswig-Holstein). A significant number of English words are constructed based on roots from Latin, because Latin in some form was the lingua franca of the Christian church and of European intellectual life.
The language was further influenced by the Old Norse language due to Viking invasions in the 8th and 9th centuries. The Norman conquest of England in the 11th century gave rise to heavy borrowings from norman-french, and vocabulary and spelling conventions began to give the appearance of a close relationship with romance languages to what had then become middle English. The Great Vowel Shift that began in the south of England in the 15th century is one of the historical events that mark the emergence of modern English from Middle English. Owing to the assimilation of words from many other languages throughout history, modern English contains a very large vocabulary.
USAGE OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN MALAYSIA
Did you realize that over a two billion people in the world now speak this language? This figure is ever growing. It is the language of globalization. It's the language of international business and politics. It is the primary language used for most computers and for the inner workings of the internet. It is the dominant international language in communications,...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document