top-rated free essay

How to Build a House

By michaelniszl Jul 13, 2010 907 Words
BUYING BUILDING MATERIALS Building a new house, or making additions to your existing house can be an expensive project. Y need to plan carefully where you ou will find suitable and affordable materials closest to your plot. STEPS TO FOLLOW BEFORE SELECTING BUILDING MATERIALS Step 1 Step 2 Step 3 Step 3 Step 4 Prepare a plan for your alteration or addition. Use your plan to list what building materials will be needed for the job. Workout the amount (quantity) of each type of material that is needed. Workout the cost of your building works using the list of the materials and amounts (quantities). Decide what materials you will get second-hand.

Your plan can be a rough sketch. However, a formal building plan will make it easier to workout the exact amount materials needed and can save you money in the long run. A formal building plan is drawn up by an architect-technician or draughtsperson. Once you have your plan you can ask an experienced builder or a materials supplier to tell you what materials you will need and how much you will need. A materials supplier can also give you the costs for the materials.

CHOOSING SUITABLE BUILDING MATERIALS
Ask experienced builders and home-owners what materials are most suitable. • What affordable, commonly-used, good-quality materials are available locally? • Which materials suit the local weather and temperatures? Will they stand up to the heat, cold, wind and rain?

SAVING ON COSTS
Add the cost of the materials to the costs of transporting the materials and the builder’s labour. This will give you an estimate for the whole project. If this does not fit your budget you can consider the following ways to reduce the costs: • Reduce the size of the building or rooms. • Use cheaper or fewer finishes and details. • Compare prices of building materials or buy when there is a sale. • Buy good quality second-hand building materials. • Ask experienced homeowners and builders for advice on how to save on the costs of materials and labour. • Negotiate a better price for labour with the builder and see if you and your family can do some of the work yourself. • Groups of home-owners can form savings clubs to buy building materials in larger amounts, share transport and negotiate discount prices.

THE MOST IMPORTANT ADVICE IS
· Select good quality building materials that suit your needs and conditions corr · Workout the corr ect amount of materials needed · Estimate the costs of the materials, check your budget

TIPS:
· Treat second-hand wood with PCP (Penta Chloro Phenal) to kill possible termites and beetles. · Avoid buying any second-hand asbestos products such as ceiling boards, roofsheets, gutters and down pipes. These cause health problems.

SECOND-HAND BUILDING MATERIALS
Using second-hand building materials is a good way to save costs. The following materials can easily be obtained second-hand and are safe to use: • Bricks • Timber window and door frames (check the wood for rot and beetles) • Steel frames (check that there are no kinks in the frames as this will lead to rust) • Structural timber for floors, roofs and ceilings (check the wood for rot and beetles) • Kitchen sinks

ALTERNATIVES:
There are many alternatives to commonly-used building materials. Some of these are cheaper or are better for the environment. Below are some examples that could be considered:

BUILDING PART COMMONLY-USED MATERIALS
FOUNDATION 600 x 200mm concrete strip footings (in foundation trench dug down to solid bearing ground). 140mm concrete block walls with Damp Proof Course. DPC is placed 150mm above finished ground level and brickforce over windows and doors. Blocks are filled with concrete below floor level. 75mm concrete slab on DPM (Damp Proof Membrane) on soil compacted in layers of maximum 300 mm. Mild steel window frames with 3mm glass, meranti timber door frames (or Clisco window/door frames with surrounds). SA Pine purlin-rafters or trusses with purlins for roof sheets. Corrugated iron (zinc), fibre cement (asbestos) on 228 x 38mm purlin-rafters, or 76 x 50mm purlins. Rhinoboard (gypsumboard) nailed to underside of purlin-rafters, or 38 x 38mm brandering. Cement-sand mix, with acrylic / or PVA paint. Pre-paid electricity meters with incandescent or fluorescent light fittings, electrical geyser, stove and heaters.

ALTERNATIVES
Reinforced concrete raft floor slab, or ground beams on unstable soils. Brick wall, cavity brick, compacted earth bricks, soil-cement bricks, panels, sand bags in timber frame. 100mm concrete slab + steel mesh reinforcing on filled / compacted soil. Treated SA Pine, meranti timber or aluminium window /door frames. SA Pine trusses or ridgebeam and rafters with battens for tile roofs. Concrete roof tiles (on 38 x 38mm battens). Masonite hardboard, timber, corrugated cardboard with wire, Isoboard Cemcrete, BreatheCoat. CFLs (compact fluorescent lights), solar water heater, gas or paraffin.

WALLS

FLOORS

WINDOW AND DOORFRAMES ROOF STRUCTURE ROOF FINISH

CEILING

PLASTER AND PAINT ENERGY

PAMPHLETS ABOUT: ALSO SEE OTHER PAMPHLETS ABOUT: • Making the best use of your plot • Making home improvements

Evangelischer Entwicklungsdienst

EUROPEAN UNION

Published by the Development Action Group 101 Lower Main Road, Obser vatory, 7925 Tel: (021) 448-7886 • Fax: (021) 447-1987

Design & Layout: AMAZON MEDIA

BUYING BUILDING MATERIALS
I’m not sure what building materials to buy for the alteration we’re planning.

You should work out what you need so that you don’t waste money.

H O M E O W N E RS’ A DV I C E PAMPHLETS

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • "How to Build a House" Process Analysis

    ...The Idea might be scary to some people and thrilling for others. Building a house gives a sense of accomplishment and a realization of self perseverance. A house can be built 3 ways: the right way, the wrong way, and the cheap way. Cheap is the medium between right and wrong. Most houses are done the right way, where professionals work toget...

    Read More
  • How to Build a Computer

    ...How to Build a Custom Desktop Computer Most people believe that building a desktop computer is difficult or complicated, even though that is not really the case. It takes a basic understanding of how to use a screw driver, read manuals, and know a little about basic hardware and software. Building your own computer has its ups and downs. Build...

    Read More
  • How to build a computer

    ... How to Build A Computer Building a computer from scratch is very complex, but also interesting. It gives you the ability to customize and personalize it to make it one’s own. In this “How To” instructional, I will be showing taking you through various steps needed in order to make this happen. This instructional will help you in ...

    Read More
  • How to Build a Backyard Kennel

    ... How to Build a Backyard Kennel? By Kimberly Mathis The most important thing, about building a backyard kennel, is what size, what strength and what features are needed for your dog. What is a backyard dog kennel? A backyard dog kennel is a small, fenced - in area used to contain your dog. It is an area used to keep your dog safe a...

    Read More
  • How To Build Self Confidence

    ...GIRL'S GUIDE BUILDING CONFIDENCE BY JHOAN PAULINE MONTE We are all imperfectly perfect. Ready to start your journey? You are not alone :) Here are my personal tips on how to build self -confidence. It was a long, hard and sometimes painful journey, but I made it by staying positive. Best of luck to all of you who are looking to find self -con...

    Read More
  • How to Build Self Confidence

    ...are faced with, on a daily bases, because our self-esteem is one of the few things that we have control over. Self-confidence is something that cannot be taught. It is up to the individual to decide how much belief that they possess inside of themselves. I am at the point where I realize that I must first believe in myself before others will b...

    Read More
  • How to Build a Computer

    ...Period 7 How to Build a Computer How to Build a Computer Have you ever thought about building your own computer? Actually buying a motherboard and a case along with all the supporting components and assembling the whole thing yourself? Here are three reasons why you might want to consider taking the plunge: 1. You'll be able t...

    Read More
  • How to Build a Computer

    ...How to build a computer The Computer this day and age is coming to its peak as the module for the super information high way. I have noticed rising prices for the personal computer as sold from the common dealers such as Dell, Gateway and Macintosh. These overly priced computers are a rip, ranging anywhere from 999.99...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.