How the Jim Crow Laws Hindered the Education of African-American Students

Topics: High school, African American, Black people Pages: 2 (721 words) Published: November 17, 2013
How the Jim Crow Laws Hindered the Education of African-American Students The Jim Crow laws are one of the first things learned by students about black history in America. They were enacted on state levels in 1876 and became famous the phrase “separate but equal” Their purpose was to segregate blacks by giving them their own schools, restaurants, public transport, and bathrooms. This was a huge disadvantage especially when it came to education. At first this was a good opportunity for any African-American children to get an education and increase their literacy but many of the public schools offered to African-American children were far from equal. These public schools were often poorly funded, they lacked proper teaching materials such as text books and the teachers were paid little compared to the teachers in white schools (Bond and Puner, 446). In short, the Jim Crow laws created a disparity between the education received by black and white children that affected their chance for a career and the availability of higher education. Of course the passing of the Jim Crow laws sparked an outcry from parents who wanted their children to have an equal education. On many occasions parents sued the institutions for their child’s admission into a school they knew was better. An example of this was the Clarendon case in which the school board openly admitted that the syllabi at the black schools were not equal (447). This was very accurate and can be attributed to the fact that Black schools only received 35 percent of the funding that was allocated to them( Johnson, 4). The schools that black children had to attend were usually cramped spaces that had been out of use, one school was described as “a low, damp, ice cellar better fit for an ice house” (White, 378). The poor quality of education received by African-american students at that time did not at all prepare them for college. Many would seek a trade after finishing school, depending on where they...

Cited: Bond, HoracePuner, Morton. "The Battle For Free Schools: Jim Crow In Education." Nation 173.21 (1951): 446-449. The Nation Archive Premium Edition. Web. 18 Jan. 2013.
Heathcott, Joseph. "Black Archipelago: Politics And Civic Life In The Jim Crow City." Journal Of Social History 38.3 (2005): 705-736. Academic Search Premier. Web. 16 Jan. 2013.
Johnson, Kimberley. The Natural Way: Education In The Jim Crow Order. n.p.: Oxford University Press, 2010. Oxford Scholarship Online. Web. 16 Jan. 2013.
Levesque, George A. "Before Integration: The Forgotten Years Of Jim Crow Education In Boston." The Journal Of Negro Education 2 (1979): 113. JSTOR Arts & Sciences I. Web. 17 Jan. 2013.
White, Arthur O. "The Black Movement Against Jim Crow Education In Buffalo, New York, 1800-1900." Phylon (1960-) 4 (1969): 375. JSTOR Arts & Sciences II. Web. 17 Jan. 2013.
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