How the French and Indian War Led Into the American Revolution

Topics: American Revolution, British Empire, Townshend Acts Pages: 2 (657 words) Published: September 28, 2013
The Proclamation Line of 1763 prohibited settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains. And even though this law was passed for colonists’ own good (and Sir William Johnson, Superintendent of Indian Affairs, was utterly opposed to the settlers encroaching upon unsubdued territory at this time) — for one reason to protect them from hostile Indians, it bothered people who were bent on western expansion.

Additionally, Great Britain incurred huge debt from the French and Indian War (1755-1763) — which was the North American theatre was the Global Seven Year War between France and England. And because it occurred in North America — with some fair amount taking place in New York Colony — Great Britain felt that the colonist should shoulder some fair share of the cost. Hence, the raising and levelling of taxes on various things — including foreign imported goods.

The Stamp Act (1765), Sugar Act (1765), and Townshend Duties (1767) increased the cost of everyday items such as paper, legal documents, sugar, newspapers, glass and tea. The inflation caused by England’s raising and increasing taxes was hard on the colonists — especially the less affluent ones — and New York Colony was already in an economic recession/depression from the end of the French American War. Also these aforementioned taxes were imposed by the British parliament without any participation or representation by any New York assembly or council, which also angered some colonists.

Also, the British Empire in North America dramatically increased in geographical size after the French and Indian War, which prompted Britain to send thousands of troops to Canada, Florida, and along the western frontiers to protect its expanded boundaries. Troops were also stationed in New York City. These measures at least in part precipitated the passing of the Quartering Act (1765) which required colonists to shelter and feed British Troops in New York. Many colonists resented this and also didn’t like...
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