top-rated free essay

How the Family and School May Affect the Development of the Learner.

By schoolgir Feb 11, 2012 605 Words
In the past, Western Societies concept of a normal family was one that consisted of a mother, father and child or children, otherwise classified as a nuclear family. However as our society became more modernized the concept of a family changed to incorporate other arrangements. In contemporary society a family can also be seeing as ; a mother or father only with a child or children (single parent),parents and child/children with other relative living together (extended),sibling headed where one sibling (often the older) is left in charge , alternative family type (example homosexuals) living in a house hold. Although family structures may vary in their composition, not all family types may prove beneficial to a child or a learner to be exact. The family provides the foundation for a child's development and is the first agent of socialization. According to Lev Vygotsky development results from a dynamic interaction between individuals and society and through this interaction, children learn gradually and continuously from parents and teachers also (Woolfolk, 1998). Therefore how a family functions to support a child is important to children's development.

In a house whole each parent plays a different yet vital role in a child's life. The father is often seen and the provider and disciplinarian and the mother nurturer. The absence of one of these agents can impact negatively on a child’s development. Therefore the type of family that has proven to be problematic to the social, cognitive and moral development of a child is that of a single parent family. In Jamaican society specifically it is the homes with the absentee fathers that pose the most problem to a child’s development. According to Maureen Samms-Vaughan article (2006) it was stated by Sara McLanahan a Princeton sociologist that children from father-absent homes manifest a number of internalizing and externalizing problem behaviors. These behaviors included sadness and depression, delinquency, aggression, sex role difficulties, early initiation of sexual activity and teen pregnancy, as well as poor social and adaptive functioning and low self-esteem. This is more prominent in low income families where with the absence of the fathers the mothers have to become the bread winner going out to work resulting in the neglect of the child. In reference to Erikson theory of Psychosocial Development, with the mother not around to provide the care and support needed within the first years of a child’s life the child will inevitable fail at each developmental stage This lack of guidance and support can result in the child becoming emotional affected, having low self-esteem, poor performing in school and become antisocial.

These views can be substantiated by the observation done on John* a student of a prominent high school in Portmore living in a single parent home. John* is a fifteen year old ninth grade student who lives with his mother and little brother within the same community. At first glance John looks like a well adjusted student, clean attire and properly groomed ,however closer observation revealed that he has .In Erikson’s view John would have fail the first developmental stage of his life as he lack trust in his teacher and fellow students. He displayed signs of aggression to smaller students but was never violent. In class John was quite disruptive however he tried his best to participate in class. It was evident that he lack the male guidance at home to mold is behavior or to serve as a model. .

Woolfolk, Anita E. (1998). Educational Psychology Seventh Edition. Boston: Allyn and Bacon Plotnik, Rod. (2002). Introduction to Psychology. San Diego, Wadsworth Group

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • Explain how Disability May affect learning

    ...Number: SH45742/UKOC Task One: Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth to 19 years. Children and young people develop at different rates, but the sequence in which they develop is mostly the same. from head to toe from inner to outer – control of muscles in the head and trunk then moving outward from simple ...

    Read More
  • How Work Affects Family Life

    ...Today, the term "family" is difficult to define. All families are unique, and they can range anywhere from single parent families to extended families. Most importantly though, it is in the family where the next generation is being built. Parents must provide security and support for their children, and they need to be prepared for the challenge...

    Read More
  • How Technology Affects Family Interaction

    ...Family Relations Research Assignment How Technology Impacts family Interaction Researched and Written By: Rick Luebbert Technology has had a profound effect on the modern family. This research paper will explore how technology has a specific impact on the way families interact with each other. The technological advances of home computers a...

    Read More
  • How music affects teenagers

    ...How music affects teens Music has been affecting people since the beginning of time. Studies show, however, that music is more influential than any other entertainment media. For a range of reasons, such as mood changes, drug/alcohol use, and violence/behavior, science shows that music has the most influences on teens more than adults. In t...

    Read More
  • Autism - How Autism Affects the Family ?

    ...How Autism Affects the Family University of Phoenix There are many struggles a family with a child that has been diagnosed with autism has to go through these struggles can affect the whole family in many different ways. One of the ways an autistic child can affect the family is financially there are many payments that have to be taken...

    Read More
  • How Drug Addicts Affects Families

    ...How Drug Addicts Affect Families Many families now a days seem to struggle with addiction somewhere within their family. Whether a person is dealing with addiction themselves, or instead going through the painful steps alongside a close family members, drugs tear apart everything they encounter. Because drug addiction is such a tough batt...

    Read More
  • How Art Affects Child Development

    ...How Art Effects Child Development Heather Swanson Course/ENG 101 April 17, 2013 Bryan Dunston Art is a very important tool for children in building many skills they will need to be successful and reach certain developmental milestones as they grow and mature. Thinking back, I remember the first time I took an art class. It is where ...

    Read More
  • Bullying and How It Affects the Development of Children

    ...Bullying and How it Affects the Development of Children Aaron Alexander Patton University of the Fraser Valley PSYC 250 – Developmental Psychology October 18, 2010 Abstract In one point of history, not too long ago, bullying was considered normal in schools and was just considered a part of growing up. A little teasing and...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.