How research by Bandura and colleagues on social learning and aggression has contributed to our understanding of children’s behaviour. The report objectives:
Clarify the work of Bandura, Ross and Ross
Describe the “Bobo Doll” experiment
Evaluate the “Bobo Doll” experiment and is relevance to the activity leaders •
Social learning and Imitative behaviour on children
As interpreted by Oates 2012 Albert Bandura was especially interested in social learning and perhaps best known for his studies of observational learning. Bandura and his colleagues anticipated the following “children were likely to imitate aggressive acts they have observed under certain conditions” (Oates 2012 pg 109). Social learning is also a process to child development; children develop through learning from other people around them. In particular by observation and imitation of role models. To support their theory Albert Bandura and his colleagues conducted an experiment which became known as the Bobo Dolls experiment and carried out in 1963. This experiment plays a significative role in analyzing aggression shown by children after witnessing aggression and for a teacher social learning plays an important role in the classrooms. The Bobo dolls experiment
Bandura, Ross and Ross tested 36 boys and 36 girls aged between 3 to 6 years old. The role models were one male adult and one female adult. Under controlled conditions, Bandura then arranged for 24 boys and girls to watch a male or female model carrying violent acts towards a toy called a 'Bobo doll'. Another 24 children were exposed to a non-aggressive model and the final 24 child were used as a control group and not exposed to any model at all. Evaluation of results for the activity leaders:
The end result of the experiment showed that the children in the three groups exposed to aggressive acts, demonstrated more aggressive behaviours than those in the group who didn’t. It also showed that it made...
References: Oates, J (2012) ‘Learning from watching’ Brace, N., Byford, J., Investigating Psychology, Milton Keynes, The Open University.
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