TABLE OF CONTENT pages
I. Essay Writing _________________________________ 2 II Essay Bibliography _________________________________ 9 III Book Summary (Chapter 17) __________________________ 10 IV Book Summary (Chapter 10) __________________________ 13 V Book Summary _______________________________ 16
ESSAY The environment necessary for the development of language can be enhanced to structure the child from birth to six years. How is language encouraged in the Montessori nursery class?
A Montessori nursery classroom is a prepared environment for children from the ages of 2 1/2 to 6 years of age. The classroom contains only materials that respond to the developmental stages of a child from 2 1/2 to 6 years of age. There are no toys as the Montessori materials fulfill the various needs of the children at all stages. Lessons/presentations are given only when the child is ready. Generally lessons are given individually, however some lessons are given in a small group setting. Before a lesson is given the child must have successfully completed any preparatory lessons. If the concepts of the preceding lessons have not been absorbed then the probability of success will be minimal.
The lessons are very purposeful, specifically catering to each stage of the child's development. The children work according to their choice and capability and no comparisons to children of equal age are made. The Montessori environment contains self-correcting materials. The child's self-esteem is protected since the adult does not have to do all of the correcting. Self-esteem grows as the children discover they can do things the correct way by themselves.
Children freely choose work in the classroom, responding to internal needs and working individually for the most part. Individual work encourages independence; once a child has been presented with a lesson they are free to use it when they desire (if it's not being used by another child). The children are encouraged to repeat lessons as many times as the child wishes, so that the concept is completely absorbed. A child will not necessarily receive a new lesson every day, as time and repetition, as well as concentration, observation and discussion, are essential for the complete creation of the child.
Children are encouraged to respect the work of others; not touching, distracting, or disturbing other children who are working. Having only one of each lesson in the classroom helps the children respect others work, be patient, and to be proud of their own accomplishments. The children are also expected to respect their environment. They are shown where lessons are found on the shelf and how to replace them in the correct manner. Older children help with replenishing supplies on the shelves and cleaning up at the end of the day.
We are careful of how we display the children's work in the environment. It can create bad feelings/competition amongst the children, and encourage children to complete work for the sake of praise and recognition from adults and peers. It's crucial to help children realize that the process is what's important, not the end product. Work done by the child is for the child and not for the parent. The Montessori environment is created for the child to work according to their inner needs, for the construction of themselves. There is nothing more painful to watch than a child struggling through a page of printing because "mommy told me I had to bring a page home".
Children are encouraged to dress themselves and be responsible for their own belongings. Children need to wear...
Bibliography: Elizabeth Hainstock : The Essential Montessori (Published by Plume Book, 1997)
Maria Montessori : Discovery of the Child ( Published by Montessori –Pierson publishing
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