The three witches are the catalyst of the play and they promote the theme-Fate and Free will, they set up the dark mysterious tone in the play. First of all, the witches accurately predict significant events in Macbeth’s life: they hail Macbeth as three things: Thane of Glamis, thane of Cowdor and “king hereafter”(pg 18), which represent past, present, and future. Macbeth is already the thane of Glamis and Duncan is sending Ross and Angus to make him Thane of Cowdor at that time. In this way, the three witches have established themselves as the struggle between nature and super nature, how can three strangers know you better than yourself? So When Macbeth becomes the Thane of Cowdor, he begins to believe in the prophecy and that’s when he begins to fall. However, the witches are not strong enough to control his fate, it’s still Macbeth’s free will to decide his fate. But they certainly have the power to misguide, to tempt him. To be sure, Macbeth doesn’t have to act on their prophecy. But he still does, because of his own ambition, if he denies their prediction at the very first time, the witches probably won’t have any chances. However, the witches’ understanding of the weakness of Macbeth makes them to be trusted by Macbeth., and it’s worth to mention that their prediction only report part of the truth, which results Macbeth’s overconfidence , in another word, they give him a false sense of security with their apparitions of truth. After all they are the ones who plant the actual idea of killing Duncan into Macbeth’s mind, but if it were only the witches prophecies , then Macbeth would not kill Duncan, he even says to his wife that “we will proceed no further in this business”, but Lady Macbeth harasses him with his manhood and pushes him to commit murder, Lady Macbeth has also read the prophecy, as a tempter herself strongly believes in it, because she really hopes it to happen because of her ambition to become the Queen. When we first see her in the play, she has already been working on the plan to kill Duncan, which proves that she is more ambitious than Macbeth she doesn’t even have macbeth’s self-doubt, she is also one of the most famous female character in Shakespeare’s plays, she represents the female method of achieving power- to manipulate men, Shakespeare’s idea is that Women can be as cruel as man, as strong as man. Still Macbeth doesn’t have to listen to his wife, since he is responsible for his own fate. He chooses to listen to them because in the first place he wants to be the king, he chooses to kill Banquo because He wants his family to succeed his throne, Macbeth wants these happened so badly that he comes up with evil plan himself in order to meet that particular fate, notably, the witches do not participate in those murders at all. However, in the play the three witches have a resilient effect not only on Macbeth but on the others too, Banquo is one of these, the witches say to him that he is going to have kings, but he shows his concerns about the prophecy, he can think critically even he hears the prophecy and witness it comes true because he doesn’t have much ambition like Macbeth does, therefore he remains calm and reminds Macbeth that the witches may be telling them half of the truth, the witches are trying to lead them to their tragic end, he says”that, trusted home,/ might yet enkindle you unto the crown/ Besides the thane of Cawdor. But’ tis strange: and Often Times, to win us to our harm/ The instrument of darkness tell us truths/ win us with honest trifles, to betray’s/In deepest consequence ” to Macbeth. But Macbeth is too happy to think before he acts. He is truly the victim of the witches, because Macbeth kills him before he can do any harm to the others. In conclusion, fate and free will join together to weave one’s destiny, and we are the ones decide how our fate will go, if we don’t have the corrupting desire like Macbeth has, we will not be influenced by the Devil.
Please join StudyMode to read the full document