The American Dream is an often mentioned and well-known term used to describe the ideology of the United States of America. Despite the common usage of the term it is not always completely understood and so requires, at least, a brief introduction and definition. P Mueller in his writing Star Trek and the American Dream claims that " to some the American dream is just "from rags to riches", to others it includes the realisation of high flying ideals as old as mankind itself." Mueller then goes onto say that the term was coined in 1931 by James Truslow Adams and identifies three main roots: mythical aspects (leading back to the ancient dream of a perfect society and as paradise even before the continent was discovered), religious aspects (which Mueller describes as dealing with the puritan vision of a city upon a hill) and political aspects (arising from the declaration of independence and the constitution). It would seem that the most important of these three themes is arguably that of the political nature and various commentators have defined the American Dream in this way. Martin Luther King claimed "It [the American Dream] is found in those majestic words of the Declaration of Independence, words lifted to cosmic proportions: "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by God, Creator, with certain inalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness." This is a dream. It 's a great dream." Jim Bickford concurred with this view within his writing The American Dream: Our Heritage of Hope (in which he goes onto to identify several examples of the American Dream in practice throughout history) when he claimed "America was built on dreams" and went onto to discuss the importance of the declaration of independence in creating the dream by stating "Our ancestors chose to take the risk
Bibliography:  Edited by Pym. J, Time Out Film Guide, 8th Ed, Penguin Books, 2000.  http://www.provi.de/~pmueller/startrek/index.html  http://www.speakersevents.com/americandream/bickford.html  http://www.stanford.edu/group/King/sermons/650704_The_American_Dream.html  Rosenbaum. J, Vietnam Dispatches (PP1621-1624) in The Movie: The Illustrated History, No. 82, Ordis Publishing Limited, 1981.