How far did WWI lead to the end of the tsarist regime?

Good Essays
How far did WWI lead to the end of the tsarist regime?

WW1 was a terrible time for autocracies around Europe, none survived. The only royal family involved in the 1st world war that survived was the British. We must therefore infer that World War One led to the end of the Tsarist Regime. The First World War was undoubtedly an important factor that contributed to the decision to abdicate by Tsar Nicholas II but were there others and if so which was the most significant?

The First World War had three main affects that were responsible for the downfall of the Tsar. To start with the loss of agricultural workers and horses to the army, coupled with the takeover of railway lines by the army, led to severe food shortages in towns and cities as supply could not cope. Moscow, for example, had been receiving 2,200 railway wagons of grain per month in 1914, but by Christmas 1916, this figure was down to around 300 wagons. Therefore, there was not enough food to feed the people of Russia despite the rationing that had been brought into place. This resulted in the people of Russia becoming upset and hungry and taking part in more strikes and demonstrations on the same issue of workers conditions.

Furthermore, the First World War crippled the Russian economy. The country mobilized 9% of the population in 1914 and by 1916 15.3 million men had experienced military service. The cost of fighting the war and of maintaining such a large armed force put great strains on the economy. The Budget for example rose by 8 times between 1913 and 1916 as the government now had to bring in more food and pay more troops. This was mainly financed out of higher taxes (which are always unpopular, loans and borrowing from Britain and France putting the in an incredibly weak place and with incredibly large debt. In order to pay of this debt and cover the monumental cost of the war, the government printed more money, leading to inflation. This can be seen in the way that prices

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    The Tsarist Regime

    • 1015 Words
    • 5 Pages

    The Tsarist regime, an often barbaric feudal system, was balancing on the eve of collapse even before the outbreak of World War One in 1914. Tsarism has a long and troubled history, characterised by changing views and opinions whilst demanding full dedication of its citizens. Tsarism’s woes were amplified at the dawn of the 20th century, with an unwillingness to embrace modernisation. Enciting events such as the Bloody Sunday Massacre, and the Lena Goldfields massacre. World War One did however,…

    • 1015 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Tsarist Regime

    • 593 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Explain why the tsarist regime was able to survive the 1905 revolution but was overthrown in February/March 1917. The tsarist regime was able to survive the 1905 revolution and was overthrown in February/march 1917 because even though it was big step for the 1017 revolution in Russia, it also made Nicholas II fall or step back down because people made him since the government was inefficient and Tsar insisted on reading every decree personally, so important decisions were often delayed for months…

    • 593 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Modern History Assignment Focus Question: Why Did the Tsarist Regime Fall so quickly in 1917? Although the Romanov Regime had always been very unpopular with the Russian people over many years, the regime had always managed to survive until 1917. In order to discover why the regime fell so quickly, it is necessary to look at the number of different factors which led the Tsarist regime to fall in March 1917. Tsar Nicholas II 's regime was autocratic, which means that the rule of the country is…

    • 1756 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    How successfully did the Tsarist regime deal with the difficulties of ruling Russia between 1906 and 1914? Ruling Russia between 1906 and 1914 was very difficult: the government was not democratic, peasants and workers were extremely angry because of the living conditions in the countryside and the cities, and political opposition to the Tsar was growing. To stop a revolution from occurring, the Tsar introduced a new regime. In the short term the Tsarist regime successfully dealt with some of…

    • 982 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Why did the Tsarist regime collapse in 1917? ‘By the beginning of 1917, tsarism was rotting from within.’(1) Romanov’s had ruled Russia since 1613 but people were unhappy and the Tsarist regime was due to collapse for and it was inevitable that it would happen soon, it finally did under Tsar Nicholas II in 1917. There were many factors as to why the Tsarist regime collapsed some of the most important were Tsar’s personality, political opposition ,peasants and workers and The World War I. One of…

    • 2104 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Stalinism: Tsarist Regime

    • 1697 Words
    • 7 Pages

    now, but how it should continue. Economic policy became the cornerstone of this debate, as the Soviet economy was damaged from a near decade of war. It is here when Lenin began rolling back towards the state-assisted bourgeoisie that the Tsarist regime had attempted to implement, an implementation Engels noted for its dependency on keeping the state alive (On Social Relations in Russia 668). Lenin would not be able to form a system of economics and governance that would not necessitate a bureaucracy…

    • 1697 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    The tsarist regime, also referred to as the Russian political system, involved the repression of civil liberties, intellectual freedom and human rights in general. The regime was against any change in the country and frequently displayed their attitude in violent demonstrations and brutal massacres. The tsarist government faced opposition from many different social classes and occupational groupings, however it wasn 't until1917 that it was overthrown. The regime survived until then due to the relative…

    • 745 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    the Tsar in the fall of the Tsarist Regime. In Russia, Tsarism had been the system of government since 1547, the country being ruled as an autocracy. For many years the Tsars had been powerful, strong and had the qualities needed to be a great leader, though in 1917, the Tsarist regime came to an end, with Nicholas Romanov II as the country’s current monarch. Tsar Nicholas played a great role in the fall of Tsarism; his incompetency and lack of leadership skills lead to downfall and created a communist…

    • 931 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The February Revolution; the End of the Tsarist Reign The February revolution was the beginning of a quest for change. After centuries of being ruled by a monarch, the Russian people rose up against the Tsar, who then abdicated. With the February revolution, the governing system changed from an autocratic system, ruled by a monarch, to another system that might better represent the working class. Similarly, in George Orwell’s novel, Animal Farm, the animals launch their own revolution against the…

    • 1269 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Aftermath of WWI Leads to WWII Prior to the First World War, Europe was the world center of industry and capital. Massive death, destruction, and resentment after World War I left most countries unable to recover to a normal existence and damaged the world economy. The economic collapse and the political instability caused by World War I eventually led to the rise of fascism in Europe. Forceful dictators in Italy, Germany, and Japan took advantage of these problems to seize power by territorial…

    • 1115 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays