how far did stolypin help to stabilise russia between 1905 and 1911?

Topics: Russian Empire, Coup of June 1907, Nicholas II of Russia Pages: 3 (1286 words) Published: November 25, 2013
To what extent was Stolypin effective in stabilising Russia between 1906 and 1911? The period previous to 1906 was one of great instability in Russia, 1905 saw a failed revolution after long term tensions. Stolypin was effective yet ruthless in his peasant control in the 1905 revolution and due to this he soon became chairman of ministers in 1906. He introduced many new policies in an attempt to stabilise Russia, though as to if these were effective remains debatable. Stabilising Russia would surely mean a stronger economy, few or no uprisings, modernised methods in both government and agriculture and workers in towns and the country would see an improvement to their lives. Many of Stolypin’s reforms were made to the field of agriculture (no pun intended), he encouraged the peasant land bank, which opened on the 15th November 1906, and provided incentives and government loans so that they could buy their own land, or exploit land in Siberia. On new year’s day 1907, redemption payments were abolished, meaning that it was easier for peasants to become more prosperous. His hope was that farming would become more efficient so that more peasants would move to the city to fill the demand for workers there. He also made it easy for peasants to leave their commune, they no longer had to get the majority of the Mir’s permission, and any Mir that had had no land redistribution since the emancipation of the serfs in 1861 were dissolved. This had the effect of encouraging the reluctant peasants to modernise and encouraging a wealthier class of peasants to emerge who were more loyal to the Tsar. In 1915 50% of peasants owned land, compared to 1906 when only 20% owned land and agricultural production rose from 45.9 million tonnes in 1906 to 61.7 million tonnes in 1913. Both figures show that he was in one way effective in stabilising Russia as the increased efficiency of farming meant that there was less famine. As the outcome of their crops was the main thing that rural...
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