How Environment Affects Humans?

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Unit 1 Review
Environmental Science is the study of how the natural world and how the environment affects humans (and vice versa)
- Interdisciplinary (natural v. social sciences)
- Experiments, data, etc.
Environmentalism is a social movement that tries to protect the natural world from human changes
- Promoting change in behavior
- Can be radical
Natural resources are substances and energy source needed for survival
1. Renewable resources can be replinished
a. Sunlight, wind, timber, water, soil
2. Nonrenewable resources are unavailable after depletion
a. Oil, coal, natural gas
Ecosystem services arise from the normal functioning of natural services
- Regulating climate
- Purifying air and water
- Cycle nutrients
Agricultural Revolution is the shift around 10,000 years ago from a hunter-gatherer lifestyle to an agricultural way of life in which people began to grow their own crops and raise domesticated animals
Industrial Revolution is the shift in the mid 1700’s from rural life, animal powered agriculture, and manufacturing by craftsman to an urban society powered by fossil fuels such as coal and crude oil
Ecological footprint is the cumulative amount of land and water required to provide the raw materials a person or population consumes and to dispose or recycle the waste that is produced Sustainability is a guiding principle of environmental science that requires us to live in such a way as to maintain Earth’s systems and its natural resources for the foreseeable future Capital is the starting resources of a country
Natural Capital is a country’s starting natural resources

Human Capital is the people and productivity of a country
Biodiversity is the variety of life across all levels of biological organization (including the diversity of species, their genes, their populations, and their communities)
"Triple Bottom Line" is an approach to sustainability that attempts to meet environmental, economic, and social goals

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