How does secondary socialisation influence deviance ?
Secondary socialisation is the way by which we learn how to behave appropriately as the member of a smaller group within the larger society. It is mostly associated with adolescents and adults and involves smaller changes than in primary socialisation. Influences on socialisation include the family, education, religion, peer groups and the media. If we define deviance as a ‘violation of social norms’ it can be characterised as any thought feeling or action that members of a social group judge to be a violation of their values or rules. These values or rules are not always defined by law nor can they be classed as moral values, as these can differ from culture to culture and also can change over time.
Albert Bandura’s social learning theory based deviance as something that was learned through observational conditioning. I.e. we learn deviant behavior and become desensitized to others and learn deviant appropriate skills that are rewarded with gains.
Research within the western population has found that adolescents spend less time with the family and distancing themselves from other adults and official institutions, such as school and organized leisure activities in favor of time with peer groups, regardless of their own opinions of these groups. Therefore giving more value to individualism than to family. Group socialisation theories state that that it is the peer group environment that has a lasting effect on adolescent’s psychological characteristics when they become adults. During adolescence the need to conform and be accepted within a peer group is at its strongest and this importance makes peer groups an effective socialisation agent either negative or positive. Peer groups have their own behavioral standards which will be and has to be followed by the group, these are transmitted by peer pressure and lays down group ‘norms’ and nurtures loyalty to the group. Adolescents are more willing to act...
Larson & Verma 1999
Please join StudyMode to read the full document