Subject: How do the leader’s management styles affect the team’s effective at work? Dear Bill Yeung,
We would like to inform that about our project topic is about the management styles affect the team’s effective at work. This project aims are to analyze different types of Leadership theories that identified behaviors that differentiated effective leaders from ineffective leaders. There have three types of Leadership theories. 1) Autocratic style 2) Democratic style 3) Laissez-faire style.
First, what is “Autocratic style”? This is often considered the classical approach. It is one in which the manager retains as much power and decision-making authority as possible. The manager does not consult employees, nor are they allowed to give any input. Employees are expected to obey orders without receiving any explanations. The motivation environment is produced by creating a structured set of rewards and punishments. This leadership style has been greatly criticized during the past 30 years. Some studies say that organizations with many autocratic leaders have higher turnover and absenteeism than other organizations. Certainly Gen X employees have proven to be highly resistant to this management style.
The Strengths of the Autocratic style is when people want strong leadership. The most obvious is dealing with a crisis. Another example is when people are not sure what to do themselves. Authoritarian followers also want strong autocratic leadership during meetings. It is also while people desire strong leadership; paradoxically, they don't want it all the time. This creates problems for extreme autocrats. For example, Steve Jobs is the director of Apple. He is the one that controls everything and everyone, from the doorman to designers. Nobody and nothing moves without his approval. However, his dictatorship has two flaws! On one hand, he gets the credit for the way Apple is today. On the other hand, his dictatorship spreads beyond the walls of the company. Long after the Apple products were purchased by users, they are subject to the same rules made by the Steve Jobs Dictator!
The disadvantage of Autocratic is the communication style of an autocratic leader is usually described as one way. They tell you exactly what they want done." This can be frustrating if the boss talks to the employees only when they make mistakes and little praise are provided. In addition, it can generate a company of zombies with no fresh ideas. This autocratic style can create an environment of fear and resentment, leading to high turnover and absenteeism, which can hinder progress. Moreover, it can stifle creative ideas that might make the company more competitive.
The democratic leadership style is also called the participative style as it encourages employees to be a part of the decision making. The democratic manager keeps his or her employees informed about everything that affects their work and shares decision making and problem solving responsibilities. This style requires the leader to be a coach who has the final say, but gathers information from staff members before making a decision. Democratic leadership can produce high quality and high quantity work for long periods of time. Many employees like the trust they receive and respond with cooperation, team spirit, and high morale. The democratic leadership style is most effective when the leader wants to keep employees informed about matters that affect them or the leader wants employees to share in decision-making and problem-solving duties. For example, Ricardo Semler (see Appendix A for a brief biography) of Semco SA, Brazil took control of a small traditional manufacturing company, from his father (25 years ago). As president of Semco, Semler has powered the company to 900% growth in the last 15 years, with a reported turnover of 100 million pounds per year. Ricardo Semler constitutes a case study, which has attracted considerable interest from the international...
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