THE WAR BETWEEN SOUTH AND WEST
The middle of the XIX century was a period of worsening economic and political conflict of Northern and Southern States. For a long time two dissimilar type of economy existed and developed in the framework of a single state, of course, competing among them, but not bringing the situation to tensions. However, in this period it became increasingly clear the inevitability that contradictions of the two systems will turn in the armed struggle for power, for the victory and social systems change at a national scale.
The causes of the Civil War were difficult and every side of the conflict had its own point of view on the reasons why the war began. According James C. Bradford the complicity of the question lays...
The rebellion against slavery was made by the workers and farmers. The efforts of the bourgeoisie of the North could not accept the fact that the Central government in the United States was in the hands of slaveholders. Brewing a decisive clash between a progressive industrial North and a backward slaveholding South.2
In 1860 in the United States to the West of the Mississippi river there were still large expanses of sparsely populated fertile land. From the Northern States rushed there the poor and small farmers and from the South to these same lands were moving slave-owning planters. The armed forces of the slave-owners seized the land in the West and drove out the farmers. The struggle between North and South over the Western lands was growing desperate.3
As the result there appeared the Republican Party, which was supported by ordinary workers and farmers. The goal of Republican Party and Lincoln himself was to overcome the slavery. But the Southern leaders did not support this idea. Moreover they felt some kind of threat about this. Many “whites” felt like they losing their social position and respect by canceling slavery....
The government at this stage was considered the goal of war is only a restoration of the unity of the country.9
Under pressure of the masses and as a result of failure on the front the Lincoln government still had to carry out revolutionary activities. In may 1862, President Lincoln approved the Homestead act. Under this law, every US citizen could get free on the unoccupied Western lands of the country allotment. The law on the Homesteads satisfies long-standing demands of farmers and workers on free distribution of the unoccupied lands and deprived slave owners of the ability to occupy new land in the West.10 Moreover Lincoln began the emancipation of the slaves in rebel states and also let them to enter the army of North.
Purified from the traitors, who were in peace with the slaveholders, supplemented Negro regiments, the army of the North started to win. There was a second, revolutionary phase of the civil...
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